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This is the author's latest work on the versions. A large portion of this essay is already complete, small sections are going to be released weekly in order to give the author time (God permitting) to finish the essay. Tune in each week, (updated Mondays) to see the latest in A PUBLIC SPANKING FOR JAMES WHITE!
The purpose of this essay is to examine Biblically one of the latest productions of the ever restless, never satisfied, ever-changing, misguided Anti “King James Version Only” Conspiracy.
One of the objects of this examination is a book and it’s author.
The book: - “The King James Only Controversy;”
Subtitle, - “Can you trust the modern versions?”
The author James R. White- director of Alpha and Omega Ministries. The copyright 1995.
Twelve Doctors of Theology give this book a clean bill of health.
It is my privilege and responsibility to draw to my reader’s attention the fact that in spite of their unreserved, and I may say undeserved praise, these “Doctors” have failed to bring to the attention of Mr. White that there are a considerable number of symptoms of spiritual illness in this remarkable literary effort that will inevitably have fatal results if innocent, unlearned persons, trusting the book, its author and its professional, but erring “public relations officers;” do not have the errors that abound in the “King James Only Controversy,” explained to them “O thou man of God, there is death in the pot.” II Kings 4:40b.
“And Elisha came again to Gilgal: and there was a dearth in the land; and the sons of the prophets were sitting before him: and he said unto his servant, Set on the great pot, and seethe pottage for the sons of the prophets.
And one went out into the field to gather herbs, and found a wild vine, and gathered thereof wild gourds his lap full, and came and shred them into the pot of pottage: for they knew them not.
So they poured out for the men to eat. And it came to pass, as they were eating of the pottage, that they cried out, and said, O thou man of God, there is death in the pot. And they could not eat thereof.
But he said, Then bring meal. And he cast it into the pot; and he said, Pour out for the people, that they may eat. And there was no harm in the pot.” II Kings 4:38-41.
Regrettably, in order to bring God’s antidote within reach of those who have trustingly used the new versions of the Bible with their deadly, “slowly released” medications, it will be absolutely necessary for me to search and destroy the errors, even though this will be embarrassing, but I do prayerfully trust be a blessing to the author, his precious family and his misguided friends.
Although Mr. White’s scorn is poured out repeatedly and I must say almost endlessly, on those he designates as “The King James Only, advocates” the KJV reading of Matthew 5:44 is finding a glad reception in my heart.
“But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do
good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you,
and persecute you;”
Author White’s NASV and NIV Mutilate this verse; omitting the above underlined words.
If, in dealing with the author’s strong denunciations of those many thousands of Christians who astound the “clerics” with their staunch adherence to the KJV. I find it necessary to “rebuke sharply”, it is for the sake of our Lord’s sheep who indeed “Know not the voice of strangers” and refuse to follow the many modern wolves “in sheeps clothing.”
“And when he putteth forth his own sheep, he goeth before them, and the
sheep follow him: for they know his voice. And a stranger will they not
follow, but will flee from him: for they know not the voice of strangers.”
John 10:4-5 (see also - Titus 1:13)
In I Timothy 1:19-20 The apostle Paul warns his readers of the dangerous blasphemous doctrines of Hymenaeus and Alexander. “Holding faith, and a good conscience; which some having put away, concerning faith have made shipwreck:
Of whom is Hymenaeus and Alexander; whom I have delivered unto Satan,
that they may learn not to blaspheme.”
I Tim. 1:19-20
He sweeps aside with one contemptuous stroke of his pen the intrusion of pseudo scientific oppositions in the realm of opposing Scripture;
“O Timothy, keep that which is committed to thy trust, avoiding profane and vain babblings, and oppositions of science falsely so called:
Which some professing have erred concerning the faith. Grace be with
I Tim 6:20-21
Paul identifies two who appear to be leaders in the moving away from the truth by the “Churches in Asia,” as Phygellus, and Hermogenes. (II Tim. 1:15-16). At the same time giving honorable mention to one whose mind was not blinded by the popular modernistic doctrines of the day.
“This thou knowest, that all they which are in Asia be turned away from me; of whom are Phygellus and Hermogenes.
The Lord give mercy unto the house of Onesiphorus; for he oft refreshed me, and was not ashamed of my chain:” II Tim 1:15-16.
God’s faithful servant does not fear ferocious charges of being responsible for creating division and confusion in the churches, because he exposes the deadly nature of the evil that Hymenaeus, and Philetus were using to over throw the faith of some.
“But shun profane and vain babblings: for they will increase unto more ungodliness.
And their word will eat as doth a canker: of whom is Hymenaeus and Philetus;
Who concerning the truth have erred, saying that the resurrection is past already; and overthrow the faith of some.
Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal,
The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, Let every one that nameth the
name of Christ depart from iniquity.”
II Tim. 2:16-19
In II Timothy 4:10 Paul let’s all the churches in which his letters would be read know the need to deal with men that were leading the congregations astray, those that opposed him, and those that forsook him.
“For Demas hath forsaken me, having loved this present world,...
Alexander the coppersmith did me much evil: the Lord reward him according
to his works: Of whom be thou ware also; for he hath greatly withstood
II Timothy 4:10a,14,15.
God’s chosen Apostle (Acts 13:2) does not hesitate to defend himself from lying accusations from within the churches, or synagogues.
“For if the truth of God hath more abounded through my lie unto his glory; why yet am I also judged as a sinner?
And not rather, (as we be slanderously reported, and as some affirm
that we say,) Let us do evil, that good may come? whose damnation is just.”
Paul does not refrain from publishing the names of the erring, sinful ones. On occasion he mentions only the slander of perhaps many who were spreading slanderous reports about his ministry.
“For though I should boast somewhat more of our authority, which the Lord hath given us for edification, and not for your destruction, I should not be ashamed:
That I may not seem as if I would terrify you by letters.
For his letters, say they, are weighty and powerful; but his bodily presence is weak, and his speech contemptible.
Let such an one think this, that, such as we are in word by letters when we are absent, such will be also in deed when we are present.
For we dare not make ourselves of the number, or compare ourselves with some that commend themselves: but they measuring themselves by themselves, and comparing themselves among themselves, are not wise.” II Cor. 10:8-12
I plead with my readers to come with me in spirit back through the centuries to the land of Israel the synagogues and the churches are greatly agitated. A bombshell from heaven has exploded in the midst of the synagogues the religion of the day. The chief priests, Pharisees, Sadducces, Scribes, and Lawyers were astounded.
Saul of Tarsus, a brilliant young man whose learning had gone to his head so proudly that he failed to see the true issues of life. The man who spearheaded the persecution of true Christians even to death and imprisonment, who had obtained from the high priest in Jerusalem letters to the synagogues in Damascus authorizing him to bring Christian men and women bound unto Jerusalem for punishment.
In Acts 7: we find the record of the stoning of Stephen one of the earliest of our Lord’s martyrs. One of the participants and witnesses of the stoning of Stephen was a young man named Saul; who later confessed, that standing there and keeping the clothing of them that slew Stephen was “consenting unto his death.”
“And I said, Lord, they know that I imprisoned and beat in every synagogue them that believed on thee:
And when the blood of thy martyr Stephen was shed, I also was standing by, and consenting unto his death, and kept the raiment of them that slew him.” Acts 22:19-20.
This, the hero of the Christ crucifying religious leaders, now openly unashamedly has been “born again”. Furthermore he is boldly preaching in the synagogues that Jesus Christ IS THE SON OF GOD. The very One that they had crucified is now being uplifted and declared to be “the Son of God.” Acts 9:20. Therefore Saul must die. vs23
If you think clearly can you not almost see and hear Scribes, Pharisees, Sadducees, Lawyers, rising up and fiercely denouncing this man Saul, and laying all of the blame for the spiritual awakening in some of the synagogues, the arguing, divisions, and confusion squarely on the shoulders of God’s apostle? On the surface the hypocritical, blind guides which strained at a gnat and swallowed a camel, who outwardly shone but inwardly where God’s eye could readily see the uncleanness dwelling within, were angrily blaming the true?? source of all the confusion. The spiritually unenlightened mind then and now would probably say, “yes Paul was responsible for the great upheaval.”
Personally I strongly disagree with this flawed reasoning. At the heart of the system of religion headed up by the High Priests, Chief Priests, Lawyers, Scribes, Sadducees and Pharisees were doctrines of devils.
The powerful Holy Spirit filled preaching of Paul and the other Apostles simply lifted the cover from the hideous lies that were being taught to the people by their religious leaders. The fault lay not in Paul’s preaching but in the religious leaders that our Lord named, “ye generation of vipers”, “hypocrites”, and ”whited sepulchres.” “How can ye escape the damnation of hell?”
Previously we noted Paul’s unsparing revelation of those who by one means or another had become influential enough to introduce error into the churches.
Imagine if you will the ministers, elders, bible teachers who had their eyes closed to the poisonous deadly doctrines of devils which were already beginning to infiltrate the early churches. Mr. White’s false accusations concerning the “KJV Only” ministry could possibly be the ranting unjustifiable accusation that in another form was laid against Paul.
Let us take a look at the heart cry of a well educated person who not yet sees the great deception that has laid hold on the mind and soul of every member of the “Anti KJV Only Conspiracy.”
They have all without exception believed a lie. It is fixed firmly in their mind so that they have a mind set which causes them to see all the factors in the conspiracy, so that they cannot, in some cases will not, see the truth.
On page V of his introduction Mr. White says;
“Responsibility must be laid at the door of the KJV Only camp for the destruction of many Christian churches. Church splits have taken place as the direct result of the influence of the KJV only materials”. Introduction page V.
I respectfully disagree with his horrendous charge, for which Mr. White will undoubtedly have to give an account to God shortly, except he repent.
There is not a shred of truth in his totally inaccurate estimation of the tragic situation any more than there was in the wild accusations leveled against Paul before Felix, by the “certain orator named Tertullus who said...”
“For we have found this man a pestilent fellow, and a mover of sedition among all the Jews throughout the world, and a ringleader of the sect of the Nazarenes:
Who also hath gone about to profane the temple: whom we took, and would have judged according to our law.
But the chief captain Lysias came upon us, and with great violence took him away out of our hands, Commanding his accusers to come unto thee: by examining of whom thyself mayest take knowledge of all these things, whereof we accuse him.
And the Jews also assented, saying that these things were so.”
Paul simply denies the false charges.
“And they neither found me in the temple disputing with any man, neither raising up the people, neither in the synagogues, nor in the city:
Neither can they prove the things whereof they now accuse me.”
Nor was there a shred of truth in the accusations of those Jews who with the aid of certain lewd fellows of the baser sort set all the city of Thessalonica “in an uproar”, in order to harm Paul and Silas. Their war cry was a lie, based upon spiritual blindness.
“These that have turned the world upside down are come hither also;”
Today the whole professing Christian world is in an uproar “The Anti KJV Only Conspirators” are accusing Bible believing “KJV Only” teachers of being responsible for the division, and uproar for which they themselves are totally responsible. Paul and Silas did not turn the world upside down. The men of whom our Lord had said: “Ye have made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition,” (Matthew 15:6) were personally responsible for the uproar. To put the matter simply. Their trading truth for tradition, had turned their religious world upside down.
“The LORD preserveth the strangers; he relieveth the fatherless and
widow: but the way of the wicked he turneth upside down.”
“Surely your turning of things upside down shall be esteemed as the
potter’s clay: for shall the work say of him that made it, He made me
not? or shall the thing framed say of him that framed it, He had no
The teaching of Paul and Silas had turned, a great multitude right side up. (Acts 17:4)
The blind leaders of the blind moved with envy because their religious captives were being set free, by true teaching. They stirred the whole city and lay all of the blame for “troubling the people and the rulers of the city” upon the apostles. Acts 17:8. In spite of all the fuss and furor of the Jewish leaders we find Paul at a later date writing affectionately to a glorious Church.
The church of the Thessalonians
I Thess 1:7-8 “So that ye were ensamples to all that believe in Macedonia and Achaia. For from you sounded out the word of the Lord not only in Macedonia and Achaia, but also in every place your faith to God-ward is spread abroad; so that we need not to speak any thing.”
We might borrow a descriptive title from friends in New Hampshire and name these; “The Glorious Hope Church.”
The precious secret of the spiritual health of the Church is I Thess. 2:13, “For this cause also thank we God without ceasing, because, when ye received the word of God which ye heard of us, ye received it not as the word of men, but as it is in truth, the word of God, which effectually worketh also in you that believe.”
Today we have a strange movement, - The Anti KJV Only Conspiracy. It is comprised of a very wide range of Bible teachers, scholars, preachers, and blasphemous bishops(“Whose damnation is just.” Rom 3:8c) who author books, denying;
a.) The Deity of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.
b.) The virginity of Mary the mother of Jesus, prior to His birth.
c.) The necessity that our Lord’s blood must be shed in order for Him to make a soul saving atonement. They forget the unequivocal statement of Holy Scripture “without shedding of blood is no remission.” Heb. 9:22b
d.) Our Lord’s bodily resurrection from the dead. They reject the scripture; “If Christ be not risen, then is our preaching vain, and your faith is also in vain. Yea, and we also are found false witnesses of God; because we have testified of God that He raised up Christ: (Romans 1:4) whom he raised not up, if so be that the dead rise not ...And if Christ be not raised, YOUR FAITH IS VAIN; YE ARE YET IN YOUR SINS.” I Cor 15:14,15,17 see also 18-20.
e.) They substitute greatly corrupted manuscripts to replace the glorious Textus Receptus, in the New Testament of their equally corrupted new Bible Versions. In order to accomplish this great delusion they ignore;
f.) The slovenly writing of those ghastly things that they falsely brand "The Oldest and Best Manuscripts."
g.) The vast number of outright contradictions of all the manuscripts; especially Vaticanus and Sinaiticus.
h.) The fact that multitudes of professing protestant preachers and Bible teachers fall right into the arms of Romanism where when they follow the terribly mutilated Vaticanus to greatly assist in the devil's plan to destroy the influence of the Holy Bible known as The Authorized Version, or the King James Version.
i.) They strongly condemn students who reveal the terrible unbelief and occult practices of many who "father" the new perversions of the Scriptures.
The conspiracy encompasses such a vast range of heretics and false teachers, ranging from the most virulent, vicious and vociferous persons right down to many thousands of sincerely deceived, deluded persons who are in the evil conspiracy without being aware of the effect that by translating, selling, and using the new Bible Versions as a teaching tool, they are unconsciously contributing toward the devil’s plan to strike like a serpent at the very heart and foundation of the church of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.
Do I hear some one say “that its impossible, I use the new version and I love the Lord, satan could not possibly be using me to work against the Lord.” If this be your reaction may God bless you, but, “Come now, let us reason together, saith the LORD.” Isa 1:18a
In Matthew 16:16 Peter utters a great truth concerning our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ; “Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.” He receives our Lord’s heart felt approval as follows. “Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven.” Matthew 16:17.
Moments later our Lord’s sincere but erring follower receives a rebuke that must have shaken Peter severely when our Lord “turned, and said unto Peter, GET THEE BEHIND ME, SATAN: thou art an offense unto me: for thou savourest not the things that be of God, but those that be of men.” Matthew 16:23.
What had happened to Peter? Without a doubt; Peter glowing inwardly because of his and our Lord’s commendation becomes a prime target for the adversary. As our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ unfolds to His disciples His prophecy of the sufferings, that He would receive from the hands of the elders and chief priests at Jerusalem, and his death and resurrection, Satan strikes like a serpent puffing up Peter, as he did Eve in the Garden of Eden, the devil puts thoughts and words in the heart of the glowing heart that are spoken forth in an abortive effort to “correct” the words of our Lord Jesus.
It was the same as in the garden of Eden the serpent’s first words to Eve were “yea hath God said”; Eve listened and immediately the “correcting process” began.
The doubt is followed by an outright denial “ye shall not surely die.” The denial is rapidly followed by a delusion “ye shall be as gods...” Gen3:1,4b,5b.
The final result of the occult visitation was that the confused woman added to and also took away from the words that God had spoken. The result was the most disastrous event in the history of the world.With her husband Adam, Eve shared in the fall of man. They died spiritually at the moment of their rebellion against the Word of God: the radiant glory of the sinless man and woman faded instantly. Adam and Eve were “dead in trespasses and in sins”; and the Bible tells us of God removing their self made fig leaf miniskirts, clothed them with a covering procured only by the shedding of blood; without which we read “is no remission.”
Perhaps one of my readers may say in effect;
“O that is all very well and Biblical, but I am sure that if the devil were affecting my thinking I would be aware of it, and able to avoid being part of a satanic conspiracy.”
Please do not be to sure of that.
In Matthew 26:31-35 once again we hear that beloved disciple who really loved the Lord Jesus, “correcting,” the Lord, as if He had erred in saying, “All ye shall be offended because of me this night: for it is written, I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered abroad. But after I am risen again, I will go before you into Galilee. Peter answered and said unto him, Though all men shall be offended because of thee, yet will I never be offended. Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, That this night, before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice. Peter said unto him, Though I should die with thee, yet will I not deny thee. Likewise also said all the disciples.”
Every Christian ought to know of Peter’s proud but loving affirmation, “Though all men shall be offended because of thee, yet will I never be offended.”
In spite of our Lord’s gracious “correction” of His disciple, Peter again contradicts his Lord; “Though I should die with thee, yet will I not deny thee.”
As we know, Peter did deny the Lord with oaths and curses. The result-- “He went out and wept bitterly.”
This business of “correcting” the Word of God by deleting 64080 words (according to G.A.R.) from the N.I.V. is basically satanic. Heading up the movement are many who in “lie in wait to deceive.” Ephesians 4:14-15; “That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, and cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive; But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, even Christ:”
These men who in their hearts lie in wait to deceive are under direct control of the devil. From such persons emanate the “ Doctrines of devils” that flood a multitude of churches today. Paul writing to Timothy warns us; “Evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived.” II Tim 3:13. Their doom is clearly foretold in the book of Jude.
Personally I feel that there are multitudes of true believers in the Lord Jesus who have been caught up in this web of lies which surround the so called Oldest and Best Manuscripts, which are claimed as the basic manuscripts beneath the multiplication of corrupt Greek Texts.
Unbeknown to themselves they are uttering words, phrases and doctrines concocted by the great enemy of the souls of men.
Dr. Franklin Logsdon who wrote the exceedingly blasphemous preface to “THE NEW AMERICAN STANDARD VERSION” found mercy of the Lord when his terror stricken heart realized the enormity of his sin, in eliminating the awe inspiring, terrible name of “Jehovah” from the N.A.S.V. with contempt. As follows;
“It is known that for many years YHWH has been translated as Yahweh. No complete certainty attaches to this pronunciation. However, it is felt by many who are in touch with the laity of our churches that this name conveys no religious or spiritual overtone.
It is strange, uncommon, and without sufficient religious and devotional background.
No amount of scholarly debate can overcome this deficiency. Hence, it was decided to avoid the use of this Name in the translation proper.”N.A.S.V. Preface P.9, Par.4.
Here is abysmal ignorance, daring blasphemy, wicked impiety, combined with shameful scholarship, to produce an astonishingly false impression.
This blasphemous introduction brings the divine stamp of death and destruction on the product of the “Editorial Board of the Lockman Foundation.”
Comment on The Translation
By following Nestle’s 23rd Greek text, the N.A.S.V. exalts the errors and heresies of Westcott and Hort and Origen, both in the text and in the margins on numerous occasions.
By departing from the readings of the sickly Sinaiticus and the vile Vaticanus in many instances, those “scholars” who are responsible for the New American Standard Version confess, that, in not daring to follow their miserable idols, in all of their corruptness, they are basing their Version on manuscripts which they all know, are not truly reliable nor consistent witnesses.
May I also say, witnesses which conflict strongly with each other. “Codex B (Vaticanus) and its allies, (namely Sinaiticus) Herman Hoskier, in his monumental 2 volume, 908 page exposure of the depravity of the so called, “Oldest and best” manuscripts, list at least 3036 places where Sinaiticus and Vaticanus disagree strongly with each other, in the four Gospels alone. In every case one of the idols of the modern group of Anti ‘KJV only’ scholars errs pathetically: in many cases they are both so hopelessly in error that the framers of modern Greek text, wearied of turning frantically away from the titanic struggle, between the two main contenders for the dubious honour of being known as “oldest and best”, abandon both of them in order to seek a sensible solution to their problem; in other manuscripts. Who can properly estimate the total of the disagreements between these pillars, which with a small percentage of equally depraved manuscripts support the new versions of the bible?
On page 154 of his KJV Controversy, Mr. White parrots the apostate and heretical Hort, in a Herculean effort to quieten the concern of himself and his readers concerning the great, and vast majority of manuscripts which agree in differing from the tiny percentage of those which are identified by the misnomer as, “the oldest and best”.
He writes, “All this demonstrates that we simply cannot simply “count” manuscripts, but must weigh them, looking at their general character, age, and text-type. Some manuscripts are simply more “important in helping us to find the original text than others.” By this sort of reasoning, because of a mind set, which is the result of believing, perhaps very sincerely, a lie, this man and all others who have fallen into the common error of the “Anti King James Version Only Conspiracy” are so bound that every bit of manuscript evidence must be bent to conform to that error, or be rejected as “unimportant”, while the manuscript which can be made to conform to their error is judged to be “important”.
James White has declared that “we must weigh the manuscripts.” Page 154, we shall oblige him, not using the outworn deceitful scales of “intrinsic probability,” nor the phantasy of “harmonization,” nor the deceitful “assured results,” nor the outright misrepresentation of the term, “expansion of piety,” in order to deprecate the true text, while seeking to elevate texts which are obviously depraved.
Throughout his book James White leans heavily, not on true scholarship, but on some of these phantasy products of a too vivid imagination.
So often does he use them to “prove” his point that those readers who are not well informed on the controversy must have difficulty in discerning when his arguments turn from fact to fancy, or rather fiction. Failure to see the trick of drawing a false conclusion from an apparent truth will spell the downfall of unthinking readers who are accustomed to being “told” what to believe.
Like little children trusting their mother as she gives them pills, there are many today who open their mouths wide and swallow the sugar coated poison of the exceedingly flawed reasoning of modern scholarship.
I reject with scorn the pretense of those pseudo scholars who try to invest themselves with an intuitive ability to know what the writers of Holy Scripture “thought.” These become guilty of stating their theories as if they were facts. In reality they are figments of the imagination. Turning away from frantic effort to make corrupted manuscripts to be preferred above those greatly superior to them, not only in numbers, but also in value, and totally rejecting the theory of “harmonization,” “assured results,” and “expansion of piety” as so many scholarly spider webs. I count them as, “the balances of deceit”.
Hosea 12:7 “He is a merchant, the balances of deceit are in his hand: he loveth to oppress.”
Amos 8:5 “When will the new moon be gone, that we may sell corn? and the sabbath, that we may set forth wheat, making the ephah small, and the shekel great, and falsifying the balances by deceit?”
Micah 6:11 “Shall I count them pure with the wicked balances, and with the bag of deceitful weights?”
Proverbs 11:1 “A FALSE balance is abomination to the LORD: but a just weight is his delight.”
Isaiah 8:20 “To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them.”
Theoretically at least, all sides will agree that the voice of scripture should be the first and the last word for any biblical problem. If God has spoken on the subject, and He has spoken, all other voices of speculation, opposition, or alternative meanings should fall silent.
Mark 14:55-56 plainly declares that where witnesses do not agree they are in reality not witnesses.
“And the chief priests and all the council sought for witness against Jesus to put him to death; and found none.
For many bare false witness against him, but their witness agreed not together.”
Obviously the Word of God rejects the witness of those whose testimonies contradict each other.
The testimony of the Holy Spirit concerning the false witnesses; they “found none.”
This completely disqualifies not only the two chief witnesses against the King James Version, but also the handful of less prominent manuscripts used to support their discredited and rejected champions. The sickly Sinaiticus and the vile Vaticanus, which as we have already seen disqualified each other in the sum of at least 3036 important disagreements as to the text of the New Testament in Matthew- Mark - Luke - John.
It is important that my readers should understand that these two Biblically disqualified manuscripts, known also as Aleph (Sinaiticus) and B. (Vaticanus) along with codex A. ( Alexandrinus), codex C. (Ephraemi) and codex D. (or codex Bezae) constitute a very important part of James White’s evidence against the King James Version readings.
These ALL disagree among themselves in a most enlightening manner as follows.
Although Dean Burgon did not consider the received text to be the absolute standard of excellence, nor did he make the Textus Receptus the final standard of appeal. He says:
“All critics-wherever found- at all times, have collated with the commonly received Texts, but only as the most convenient standard of comparison, not surely, as the absolute standard of Excellence.
The result of the experiment to (and I beg to say it was an exceedingly laborious experiment) has been to demonstrate that the five manuscripts in question stand apart from one another in the following proportions:
842:(A): 1798 (C): 2370, (B) : 3392 (Aleph): 4697 (D)”
But would not the same result have been obtained if the “five old uncials” had been referred to any other common standard which can be named?
In the mean time, what is the inevitable inference from this phenomenon but that four out of the five must be while all the five may be outrageously depraved documents? Instead of being fit to be made our exclusive guides to the Truth of Scripture, - as critics of the school of Tischendorf and Tregelles would have us believe that they are?”
Burgon-Revision Revised Page 19 Preface;
“My only object in them all was to prove that codices A, B, Aleph, C, D, yield divergent testimony; and therefore contradict one another, as effectually to invalidate their own evidence throughout. This has never been proved before.”
“It can only be proved, in fact, by one who has laboriously collated the codices in question, and submitted to the drudgery of exactly tabulating the results.” Burgon Revision. Preface Page 18
John Burgon, replying to a friend who had publicly criticized his findings regarding these, (in)famous “Oldest and Best??” manuscripts sets before his readers, that which “amused” his friend who had been listening to Dr. Hort.
In approximately one third of Lloyd’s Greek New Testament.
Note! It is vitally important to keep in mind that John Burgon had collated only 111 (out of 320) pages of a copy of Lloyd’s Greek Testament, in order to reveal the number of serious deflections from the Textus Receptus, and the number of times these “Oldest and Best,” manuscripts differ from each other, in just over one third of the text. (Figures from Revision Revised Preface Page 18). If the deviations from our Textus Receptus are constant throughout the Greek Text; and if I may be permitted to use round figures of one third for my calculations, we shall arrive at a result that admittedly will be slightly higher than reality - thus;
ALL these have serious disagreements among themselves.
“Singular to relate, the first, second, fourth, and fifth of these codices (B. Aleph, C, D, ) but especially B.(Vaticanus) and Aleph (Sinaiticus), have within the last twenty years established a tyrannical ascendancy over the imagination of the critics, which can only be fitly spoken of as a blind superstition. It matters nothing that all four are discovered on careful scrutiny to differ essentially, not only from ninety- nine out of one hundred of the whole body of the extant MSS, besides, but even from one another.
This last circumstance, obviously fatal to their corporate pretension is unaccountably overlooked.
And be it remembered that the omissions, additions, substitutions, transpositions and modifications, are by no means the same in both.
It is in fact easier to find two consecutive verses in which these two MSS differ the one from the other, than two consecutive verses in which they entirely agree.” (John W. Burgon - Revision Revised Page 11-12)
“Take heed that no man deceive you” Matthew 24:4
Our gracious God sounds a stern warning to all who tamper with His words.
"Ye shall not add unto the word which I command you, neither shall ye diminish ought from it, that ye may keep the commandments of the LORD your God which I command you." Deuteronomy 4:2
"Every word of God is pure; he is a shield unto them that put their trust in him." Prov. 30:5.
"Add thou not unto his words, lest he reprove thee, and thou be found to be a liar." Prov. 30:6
“What thing soever I command you, observe to do it: thou shalt not add thereto, nor diminish from it.” Deuteronomy 12:32
Revelation 22:18 “For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book:”
If any man shall take away;
“And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.” Rev. 22:19
Today, when multitudes feel free to “add unto” or “take away” from God’s Word it is well that we should remember that those who exercise their minds to do so will inevitably experience the “add unto him the plagues that are written in this book:” and the “take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.”
The foregoing charts clearly reveal a little of the depredation of the so called, “Oldest and Best” manuscripts. These are by the multitude of alterations, substitutions, modifications, additions, and omissions, with the resulting confusion, not the work of God’s Holy Spirit. They are Satanic substitutes for the truth of God’s Word.
Hoskier in his 908 page exposure of the corruption’s of Codex B (Vaticanus), and its allies, (namely Sinaiticus), these being the main stay of the new version movement, does a masterful examination of these hideous monsters of deception.
In his truly scholarly investigation of the main manuscripts used by “The Anti King James Version Only Conspiracy” in an abortive effort to down grade truth and elevate folly. Hoskier, through painstaking research unveils the incredible depravity of the two main manuscripts that underlie the Greek Texts of the equally corrupt modern versions of the Bible. Codices B (Vaticanus) and Aleph (Sinaiticus), exalted to the skies by Westcott and Hort, and their accomplices, were given a totally undeserved evaluation that has deceived the majority of the modern world of scholars.
“It is high time that the bubble of codex B. should be pricked.” I present therefore an indictment against the MS. B and against Westcott and Hort, subdivided into hundreds of separate counts.”
“If now I throw some bombs into the inner citadel, it is because from that keep there continues to issue a large amount of ignorant iteration of Hort’s conclusions, without one particle of proof that his foundation theory is correct.” Codex B. and its Allies. Hoskier. Preface page 1-2
“I have tabulated the major part of these differences between Aleph (Sinaiticus) and B. (Vaticanus) in the Gospels and given the supporting authorities on each side.
Here is how the two chief witnesses used by the Westcott and Hort team of demolition experts in their abortive effort to overthrow the supremacy of the Authorized King James Version of the Word of God, viciously contradict each other.
in the Gospels alone.” Hoskier. Codex B., Vol. 2, P. 1.
Remember Mark 14: 55-56 “And the chief priests and all the council sought for witness against Jesus to put him to death; and found none. For many bare false witness against him, but their witness agreed not together.”
The 1022 differences in the Gospel of John works out to an average of one important contradiction of each other in every verse of this Gospel, with approximately 147 differences floating around, seeking to fit in with verses already occupied. This is one of many ways these infamous manuscripts continually contradict each other.
In every case one of the two has to be wrong, while in many cases both of them err from the truth. Plainly speaking each brands the other as a liar.
One can not help but question the deviant thinking of Westcott and Hort and their fellow conspirators, who accepted the dictum of Hort and Westcott, that where these two widely differing manuscripts agreed with each other, the King James Version Should be corrected.
Prebendary Scrivener, another world class scholar, in his “Full Collation of the Codex Sinaiticus with the Received Text of the New Testament,” reports 15,000 alterations in the text.
Originally Sinaiticus was either an accurate manuscript or else it was inaccurate. This stands to reason.
If it originally was an inaccurate manuscript, it is certain that 15,000 alterations later it bears no resemblance to accuracy, and has no right to a hearing when it comes to the matter of revising the Word of God as we have it in the Authorized King James Version.
If, on the other hand it was not an accurate manuscript to begin with, and its owners felt it needed to be recast in 15,000 places to make it even of slight value, there is no reason why it’s voice should be allowed to breath it’s foul breath in a diabolical effort to dethrone the matchless beauty and accuracy of our Authorized Version. Nor should it be named as one of the oldest and best manuscripts.
The claim of being the best, accepted by the bulk of scholars has been exploded by renowned scholars.
Scrivener reveals that many thousands of the Sinaitic readings were introduced into the text in or about the seventh century, with a few as late as the twelfth century. This explodes the myth of a fourth century classic.
Regarding those thousands of corrections in the seventh century, Scrivener has this to say. “The one object of this corrector was to assimilate the Codex to manuscripts more in vogue in his time, and approaching far nearer to our modern Textus Receptus.”
“For the greater part of the changes throughout the whole manuscript belong to C. , of about the seventh century, before breathings and accents became habitual. The frequent repetition of the note (C cum Steph.) in the ensuing collation will prove that the one object of this corrector was to assimilate the Codex to manuscripts more in vogue in his time, and approaching far nearer to our modern Textus Receptus.” (A full collation of the Codex Sinaiticus with the received text of the New Testament) Page XXIII
It is apparent then, that the owners of the manuscript Sinaiticus were well aware of the facts.
A.) That their manuscript was hopelessly corrupted and required at least 15,000 corrections in order to give it a “face lift,” that would enable it to appear genuine.
B.) They were also aware that there were in existence valuable manuscripts that abounded with thousands of readings that correspond to the Textus Receptus, the Greek text that underlies the “Impregnable Rock of Holy Scripture,” known as the Authorized King James Version.
My conclusion is that the Greek manuscripts which compose the Textus Receptus were in existence long before Sinaiticus got its cosmetic surgery, at the hands of desperately defeated scholarships, who borrowed or stole their corrections from manuscripts recognized by the true churches as being the Word of God.
To proclaim the “sickly Sinaiticus” with its 15,000 corrections to be one of the Oldest and Best manuscripts, is to petrify the brain power, and bring to an end the reasoning power of every one that believes that lie.
All the scholars, bible teachers and ministers who do not completely reject the false claims for preeminence for the “Oldest and Best?” manuscripts, lose their power to perceive right from wrong, truth from error, on account of the fatal influence of the deadly virus with which those manuscripts are infected.
For James White and the small army of scholars, including Westcott and Hort, who as a result of believing the lie are unable to have their brains function properly, in the realm of manuscripts weight and authority, to set Sinaiticus before us as one of the “Oldest and Best” manuscripts, is comparable to a government that would choose a very old man, terribly ill with every known disease, having experienced 15,000 surgical procedures, and finding him no better in any sense, in spite of the fact that some fine medicine had been given him; proceed to make him the “Minister of Health and Fitness,” and set him before the people as an example to follow explicitly in order to attain perfect health and strength. Of course the government would find some doctors who would praise it’s wisdom in choosing such a fine minister of health.
The same reasoning may be applied to the vile Vaticanus. This horribly crippled, mutilated manuscript, although written on fine vellum is battle scarred beyond recognition. This was Hort’s highly prized idol elevated far above all other manuscripts, which far exceed it in purity and accuracy.
Before the unmerited authority and dignity invested in this idol by Westcott and Hort and fellow conspirators, a multitude of scholars grovel with their faces to the ground. It’s oraculer utterances must be received as though they were actually the Word of God.
As we draw near with bated breath to examine this powerful, heavily armoured adversary to the Authorized King James Version, and to the Textus Receptus, we find it is a scare crow, or an Egyptian mummy...
Very dignified but absolutely lifeless!
“Vaticanus is hopelessly mutilated.
Missing from the records are;
|a.)||Everything from Genesis 1:1 to 46:28.|
|c.)||All of First Timothy|
|d.)||All of second Timothy|
|f.)||All of Revelation|
|g.)||All of Hebrews after Chapter 9:14 to the end of the book|
|h.)||Our Lord’s agony and blood like sweat in the Garden of Gethsemane. Luke 22:43-44|
|i.)||Our Lord’s prayer for his adversaries. Luke 23:34 “Father forgive them; for they know not what they do.”|
|j.)||The last twelve verses of Mark’s Gospel. A significant blank space, sufficient to include them cries out for the inclusion of the missing verses.|
|k.)||The women taken in Adultery John 7:53 - John 8:11”|
The spiritual and doctrinal significance of the deleted portions is of tremendous importance. Only a mind blinded to the obvious can fail to see that a careful examination of the deletions move steadily in a direction that tends to water down great doctrines of the Scripture, while at the same moment leaving the door open for the introduction of error.
It is important that my readers should note that not one of the world class scholars whose findings I have recorded this far, namely, John Burgon, Herman Hoskier, or Prebendary Scrivener, could be properly classed as a “King James Only” proponent.
Yet these are the men who have delivered immense blows which devastate the claims of supremacy for those corrupted manuscripts that are pressed on to a gullible generation under the misnomer of, “the oldest and best” manuscripts.
James White issues a call to “weigh the manuscripts.” This I maintain that the scholars have done, according to his expressed declaration, that “we , must weigh them, looking at their general character, age and text type.”
These mighty men have defeated him on his own chosen ground. Personally I am grateful for the labours of these scholarly men who preceded our present generation.
Only a tiny portion of their mighty voices of disapproval has here been brought to bear on Mr. White’s challenge to weigh the manuscripts.
Our gracious God has provided a much simpler and more effective rejection. For true believer’s it ends the controversy.
I have weighed these manuscripts that are so essential to Mr. White’s ferocious attack on the “King James Only” advocates in the balances of Holy Scripture and found them wanting.
We find the death sentence placed on every one of the manuscripts that he uses in his abortive effort to “correct” the splendid readings of the Authorized Version. By the testimony of Mark 14:55-56 we establish the truth of the matter;
“And the chief priests and all the council sought for witness against Jesus to put Him to death; and found none.
For many bare false witness against him, but their witness agreed not together.”
Obviously, witnesses that “agree not together” are rejected not only by the Holy Spirit; but even the cold callous, murderous chief priests dare not put our Lord to death by discordant testimony.
Quite apart from the harsh discordant voices of the “five old Uncials,” and a few of the papyri manuscripts that appear to back him up, James White is faced with a problem that is life sized.
Let him have but a “moment of truth,” to confess that the two main supports, (Vaticanus - Sinaiticus) render a mass of contradictory evidence. If he will honestly face the facts here presented he must retire from the “Controversy,” and the “Conspiracy.”
Presently he has been shown as using Biblically and scholarly rejected manuscripts to give a false sense of authority to his latest book; “The King James Only Controversy- Can we trust the modern translations?”
My answer is, “No Mr. White, we cannot trust any Version that owes its
existence to the use of such discordant testimony, and you should not.
May I remind you that very, very soon you will be judged by the “Judge of
all the earth” for promoting versions that have taken His awe inspiring
name, Jehovah, truncated that glorious name to “Yahweh”; then cast it out
entirely as a reprehensible thing. Which the editorial board of your
highly endorsed New American Standard Version rejects with it’s
blasphemous; “It is known that for many years YHWH has been transliterated
as Yahweh. However, it is felt by many who are in touch with the laity of
our churches that this name conveys no spiritual overtones. It is
strange, uncommon, and without sufficient religious devotional
background. No amount of scholarly debate can overcome this deficiency.
Hence it was decided to avoid the use of this name in the translation
Editorial Board The Lockman Foundation
In recommending and using this type of book, scholars, ministers, bible teachers and vendors of the new versions, are placing themselves under divine judgments, from which no man can hide himself, “in secret places, that I shall not see him? saith the LORD. Do not I fill heaven and earth? saith the LORD. ... Which think to cause my people to forget my name by their dreams which they tell every man to his neighbor, as their fathers have forgotten my name for Baal. ... for ye have perverted the words of the living God, of the LORD of hosts our God.” Jeremiah 23:24, 27,36b
Our God’s great and glorious Name is not Yahweh it is Jehovah.
Who are the culprits that changed the Name of the Eternal God?, so full of glory and spiritual overtones that Bible teachers find no end of enriching ministry in that Name alone to fill hours of soul stirring ministry; into a shameful substitute which leaves the scholars singing their funeral dirge column 1, paragraph 2 “without sufficient religious background.” etc.
I have read of the dreadful possibility of our God having to blot certain names out of His book Exodus 32:33, Deut. 29:20, Psalms 69:28.
“He that overcometh, the same shall be clothed in white raiment; and I will not blot out his name out of the book of life, but I will confess his name before my Father, and before his angels.” Rev 3:5
But never before reading the preface to the N.A.S.V., New American Standard Version, have I ever heard of anyone blotting Jehovah out of that which is advertised as God’s own Book.
Our question is, who dared to take the Name Jehovah so full of glory, and change it to the unpronounceable, meaningless, listless, lifeless, unwanted Yahweh?
According to Norman L. Geisler and Norman E. Nix we will find the answer in their “General Introduction to the Bible.” Page 584
“Another fairly literal translation was Joseph Bryant Rotherham’s The Emphasized Bible (1872: Old Testament, 1897-1902). The first two editions were based on Tregelles’s text, where as the third followed Westcott and Hort.
That version was one of the first to render the ineffable name of God in the Old Testament as "Yahweh.”
Rotherham truncates the glorious Name Jehovah to Yahweh.
The New American Standard Version wipes the unintelligible Yahweh out of existence.
This is one of the versions which James White seeks to defend in his latest book.
Apparently the men whose plaudits appear on the cover and within his book are in total agreement with this monstrous evil, and willing to try to give and account to God for their part in causing His people to forget His Name.
Who would take to themselves the “house of God” for a possession.
“So persecute them with thy tempest, and make them afraid with thy storm. Fill their faces with shame; that they may seek Thy Name, O LORD. Let them be confounded and troubled for ever; yea, let them be put to shame, and perish: That men may know thou, whose mane alone is JEHOVAH, art most high over all the earth.” Psalm 83:15-18
“Well spoke The prophet of our Heavenly Father; “Who is a God like unto thee that pardoneth iniquity, And passeth by thy transgression of the remnant of His heritage? He retaineth not His anger for ever. BECAUSE HE DELIGHTETH IN MERCY.” Micah 7:18 (Capitals mine. CJC)
Dr. S. Franklin Logsdon the man who wrote the blasphemous, preface to the New American Standard Bible AD 1963 found forgiveness and mercy from our God, who delighteth in mercy.
When men and women become embroiled in activity that is displeasing to God, he prefaces His offer of mercy by making the evil doers conscious of their sin against the Eternal God! Very often, I should say always, God uses His Word, as the Sword of the Spirit, in order to strike terror into the hearts of those He is so willing to forgive.
II Peter 2:9; “The Lord is not slack concerning His promise, as some men count slackness; but is long suffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.”
Perhaps the Holy Spirit might use Hebrews 9:27-28; “And as it is appointed unto man once to die, but after this the judgment: so Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many: and unto them that look for him shall He appear the second time without sin unto salvation.”.
Psalms 120:2 “Deliver my soul, O LORD, from lying lips, and from a deceitful tongue.”
I saw right through the exceedingly transparent vesture of tolerance, and beheld clearly the “cloak of maliciousness” that could not be hidden. The author hurled invectives at the Christians who have simply obeyed the scriptural injunction of Jude vs. 3; “Beloved, when I gave all diligence to write unto you of the common salvation, it was needful for me to write unto you, and exhort you that ye should earnestly contend for the faith which was one delivered unto the saints.”
Very properly I branded his book, “hate literature.” I trembled for the effect it would have on young believers and even older ones who are not aquainted with the great deceptive error that lies beneath, and permeates the whole question of the new version movement.
The exceedingly flawed reasoning of the author stood out so prominently, I marveled at the very thought that, anyone, let alone pastors, would be so ignorant as to believe it. The latest word is that many pastors have received this book with eagerness.
For a while this was a mystery to me. Now I understand these men had no option. They had to believe this mountain of error. As the Lord enables I shall return to this subject a little later.
I had noted with some increasing indignation that author White, and D.A. Carson. (one of those who endorses the book) who is author of a similar deception, “The King James Version Debate,” are alike guilty of the same hypocrisy.
James White and D.A. Carson, and those who endorse their attitude toward the KJV;
Matthew 7:3-5 “And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother’s eye, but considerest not the beam that is in thine own eye? Or how wilt thou say to thy brother, Let me pull out the mote out of thine eye; and, behold, a beam is in thine own eye?”
These persons hurl their accusations one after another, against Christians who have not been deceived by the flood of strange new versions of the Bible. Their little halos gleaming with (un) righteous indignation, apparently supremely unconscious of the fact the very book they are writing reveals the beam of hypocritical censorial criticism.
A careful, unbiased, prayerful reading of their writings against the Christians who stand up for the Authorized King James Version, reveals the fact that each of them is guilty of the very things which they condemn in others. Their deceived supporters are completely blinded to this obvious fault.
Human nature without the control of God’s Holy Spirit is a source of only evil.
Human nature is so keenly aware of the faults in others, and oblivious to its own.
D.A. Carson’s “The King James Version Debate, and J.R. White’s, “The King James Only Controversy,” are excellent examples of this strange delusion, which is operating in the minds of the authors.
These ever increasing denials of Biblical doctrines lead on rapidly to step #3;A delusion “ye shall be as gods”.
This is the delusion of the New Age. Ungodly persons have in their minds stripped our LORD, of His Deity, and claim deity for their own sin sick souls. The strange occult perversions of the Scripture are doing their deadly work by means of “doctrine of devils”
This is indeed a formidable attack on the position of those who were very properly holding fast to the pure Word of God as we have it in the Authorized King James Version. Undoubtedly Mr. White will have many glowing testimonies from precious souls that he has “helped” to fall away from the truth of the glorious gospel of Christ.
To any whose faith may have been shaken by the powerful statements of Mr. White, and consequently are in a state of grave concern concerning the incomparable majesty and superiority of the Authorized King James Version, over all others, I have news for you.
“Cast not away therefore your confidence, which hath great recompense of reward.” Hebrews 10:35
There is no reason to fear the author or his scholarship. James White is by no means the final authority on this question. Mr. White is very, very much the junior of these scholars that I have quoted thus far. His reasoning is frequently flawed. Consequently, the conclusions he reaches from his own faulty reasoning, must reflect the error of his mind.
“Take heed that no man deceive you” Matt. 24:4b
Are you then saying that James White is deliberately deceiving his readers?
Not at all, undoubtedly his readers are being led astray: but I prefer to think of him as one who is full of zeal and sincerity. I trust that I may never have to alter my heart’s desire to think of him as one who is himself sincerely deceived, until the day that our gracious God mercifully opens his eyes, as He did for NASV promoter Dr. S. Franklin Logsdon.
Dr. Logsdon has informed me that he found himself unable to answer the questions that were asked of him concerning the NASV. In a master piece of understatement he wrote;
“I BEGAN TO SENSE THAT SOMETHING WAS NOT RIGHT ABOUT THE NASV ( NEW AMERICAN STANDARD VERSION). UPON INVESTIGATION, I WROTE MY VERY DEAR FRIEND, MR. LOCKMAN, EXPLAINING THAT I WAS FORCED TO RENOUNCE ALL ATTACHMENT TO THE NASV. ....
I CAN AVER THAT THE PROJECT (N.A.S.V.) WAS PRODUCED BY THOROUGHLY SINCERE MEN WHO HAD THE BEST OF INTENTIONS. THE PRODUCT, HOWEVER, IS GRIEVOUS TO MY HEART AND HELPS TO COMPLICATE MATTERS IN THESE ALREADY TROUBLOUS TIMES.” (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
Dr. Logsdon to Dr. D O Fuller, Author of “Which Bible” and “True or False”.
The terror stricken scholar, having read Dr. Fuller’s book wrote as follows:
“I carried these titles with me all summer long, and immersed myself in them. I have never underscored books so much as I have done in these. They enhanced my appreciation of the KJV as the true revelation of God as no other writings.”
“As a member of the editorial committee in the production of the AMPLIFIED NEW TESTAMENT, we honestly and conscientiously felt it was a mark of intelligence to follow “Westcott and Hort.” Now, what you have in these books strikes terror to my heart. It proves alarmingly that being conscientiously wrong is a most dangerous state of being. God help us to be more cautious, lest we fall into the snares of the arch deceiver.” S. Franklin Logsdon
(Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
“No, at this point I am not saying that Mr. White and his Zamzummims are deliberately deceiving their readers. Although I feel strongly that these men are terribly deceived. I would like to agree with Dr. Logsdon’s assessment of the scholars who are producing these monstrosities, that they were sincere men like himself, conscientiously wrong and therefore, in the gravest danger of falling into the snares of the arch deceiver.”
I will go a step further than Dr. Logsdon, and say that in my estimation, every scholar who delves into the vile junk heap of miserable manuscripts, which for the source of inspiration for the modern Greek texts from which such a foul stream of corrupted versions proceed has already fallen into the dreadful snares of the arch deceiver of the human race. The only hope for these translators is found in the pages of Holy Scripture.
II Tim 2:24-26 “And the servant of the Lord must not strive; but be gentle unto all men, apt to teach, patient, In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth; And that they may recover themselves out of the snare of the devil, who are taken captive by him at his will.”
As revealed in his “KJV Only Controversy.”
James White P.7 Introduction presents two splendid assertions.
A) “I am no friend to those who would seek to undercut the very foundations of the Christian faith.”
B) “I have gone to great lengths to be accurate in representing a many faceted movement.”
Very properly Mr. White requests, “I only ask the same in return. Critical thought is encouraged. Rather I encourage the thinking that is marked by wisdom, a wisdom that examines the facts and holds to the highest standard of truth.”
Gladly and prayerfully I accept Mr. White’s invitation to offer “critical thought”, and shall be pleased to play the game according to his excellent rules that he has set before his readers.
Before engaging Mr. White in the actual critique of his writings I claim the right to add a few requirements by which he also will be bound. First of all, Mr. White will of course be bound by his own rules as well as mine. Secondly, neither of us may dare to cry “vilification”, when we are simply quoting what certain scholars have spoken or placed in writing their errors, heresies, animosities, or personal convictions. It seems to me strange that any one might be accused of vilification when he or she simply brings into the debate the actual writing that reveal the “Thinking, Theories, and Theologies” of the men who are often referred to as the fathers of the new version movement. Thirdly. Let it be understood that the cry, “Out of context” be recognized as evidence that the debater has nothing more sensible to say in the matter. In other words it is an acknowledgment that the one who cries “out of context” acknowledges defeat unless he can show that such really is the case, when a fuller quote would have shed a different light on the point in question. Fourthly. In this debate when Westcott, Hort, or any of their accomplices are correctly quoted, a simple negation is not acceptable. Nor will I accept a claim that the biographers of Westcott, and Hort; in each case one of their own sons, tone down and mitigate the horrible heresies, and the doctrines of devils which blinded and bound the thinking and utterances of these two men and their associates. These sons were not apologizing for their fathers they were proud of them.
I do trust that Mr. White and my readers will agree that his requirements and mine also are fair rules by which the debate will be ruled and the matter decided.
My response to James White’s, “Critical thought is encouraged.” In other words James is inviting accurate and truthful criticism. By the Grace of God he shall have it.
I challenge his answer to the question regarding the character of Westcott and Hort on page 244 as being hopelessly inadequate. His readers, if they believe his answer, will be most assuredly led astray into soul destroying error.
Previously in this essay, I have outlined the question and most of his remarks. Because I want to believe in the integrity of Mr. White and his expressed desire for us to hold to the highest standard of truth, I must believe that he is ignorant of the very subject that he has broached.
The Question: Weren’t Westcott and Hort occultists, evil men, heretics, closet Roman Catholics, and number of other accusations?
White’s Answer: At this point I will deal with only one of two tremendously misleading points in his reply and I quote.
“Both were professing Christians. Both professed faith in the deity of Christ. His saving death, His resurrection.”
Mr. White’s reply is neither scholarly, nor is it by any means meeting his own stipulation, requiring that we examine the facts and hold to the highest standards of truth.
His answer is to all practical and scholarly purposes, void of truth. Granted there are a number of statements in his reply that there is no need to question; but taken altogether his reply is completely misleading. The answer displays one of two things, either Mr. White is deliberately deceiving his readers, or he is blatantly ignorant of the facts. I hasten to say that I choose to call it ignorance at this point rather than incredible dishonesty.
I sadly present the terrible truth.
Hort was an apostate from the Evangelical faith in which he was brought up.
“Of his father’s mother, Hort Jr. writes, “She was a woman of great
mental power, which she brought to bear on every detail of daily life...
Her religious feelings were deep and strong. Circumstances had made her
an adherent of the Evangelical school, and she was to a certain degree
hampered by it: the Oxford movement filled her with dread and anxiety as
to its possible effect on her son. She was unable to enter into his
theological views, which to her school and generation SEEMED A DESERTION
OF THE ANCIENT WAYS; thus, pathetically enough, there came to be a barrier
between mother and son. .... it is sad that he should have had to
recognize that the point of view was different. She studied and knew her
Bible well, and her own religious life was most carefully regulated.”
Life & Letters of F.J.A. Hort, Vol. 1,p.7.
(All capitals in quotes are mine. C.J.C.)
“Further I agree with them (i.e. Editors of Essays & Reviews) in condemning many leading specific doctrines of the popular theology as, to say the least, containing much superstition and immorality of a very pernicious kind... The positive doctrines even of the Evangelicals seem to me perverted rather than untrue. There are I fear, still more serious differences between us (i.e. Editors of Essays & Reviews) on the subject of authority, AND ESPECIALLY THE AUTHORITY OF THE BIBLE.” Life & Letters, Vol. 1, p. 400. (All capitals in quotes are mine. C.JC.)
We understand then upon the authority of his own declamation against Evangelical Bible believer’s doctrines, and his rejection of the authority of the Bible, that Hort’s mother’s great concern for her son was justified. Hort was an apostate.
Obviously, Hort’s rejection of Biblical authority, while very real, was more subtle than that of the authors of “Essays and Reviews”. One can not help but wonder just what sort of ‘authority’, Hort would claim for the Bible, while he openly condemned many leading specific doctrines of the popular theology, and branding evangelical positive doctrines as perverted rather than untrue?
Hort Jr. continues his revelation concerning his father.
“A word is perhaps necessary to explain his religious development at this period. So far, as has been shown, HE HAD BEEN BROUGHT UP IN THE DOCTRINE OF THE EVANGELICAL SCHOOL...the effects of this training were doubtless modified in the atmosphere of Rugby ...AT A NOT MUCH LATER PERIOD HOWEVER HE OUTGREW THE EVANGELICAL TEACHING, WHICH HE CAME TO REGARD AS SECTARIAN...” Ibid., p. 41. (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
“HENCE HE WAS LED TO SEEK FIRMER FOUNDATIONS THAN HE COULD FIND IN THE EVANGELICAL POSITION... HE COULD NOT DISCOVER THE RELIGIOUS PHILOSOPHY WHICH HE DESIDERATED.” Ibid. p.61. (All capitals in quotes are mine. C.J.C.)
Let us now consider from his own admission the teachings for which he exchanged the glorious doctrines of Holy Scripture. Here are some of the fables which were received as if they were truth when Dr. Hort “outgrew” the evangelical teaching.
“I am very far from pretending to understand completely the ever renewed vitality of Mariolatry. But is it not much accounted for, on the evil side, by the natural revertence of the religious instinct to idolatry and creature worship and aversion to the Most High; and, ON THE GOOD SIDE, by a right reaction from the inhuman and semi-diabolical character with which God is invested in all modern orthodoxies-Zeus and Prometheus over again? (See page 25). IN PROTESTANT COUNTRIES THE FEARFUL NOTION, ‘Christ the believer’s God’ is the result. In Romish countries the Virgin is a nearer and more attractive object, not rejected by the dominant creed; and the Divine Son retires into a distant cloud world with the Father, ... Another idea has lately occurred to me: is not Mariolatry displacing much worship of scattered saints, and so becoming a tendency towards unity of worship? ...I HAVE BEEN PERSUADED FOR MANY YEARS THAT MARY WORSHIP AND ‘JESUS’ WORSHIP HAVE VERY MUCH IN COMMON IN THEIR CAUSES AND THEIR RESULTS. Perhaps the whole question may be said to be involved in the true idea of mediation, which is almost universally corrupted in one or both of two opposite directions. On the one hand we speak and think as if there were no real bringing near, such as the N.T. tells of, but only an interposition between two permanently distant objects. ON THE OTHER WE CONDEMN ALL SECONDARY HUMAN MEDIATORS AS INJURIOUS TO THE ONE, AND SHUT OUR EYES TO THE INDESTRUCTIBLE FACT OF EXISTING HUMAN MEDIATION WHICH IS TO BE FOUND EVERYWHERE. BUT THIS LAST ERROR CAN HARDLY BE EXPELLED TILL PROTESTANTS UNLEARN THE CRAZY HORROR OF THE IDEA OF PRIESTHOOD.” Ibid., Vol. 11, pp. 49-51
(All capitals in all quotes are mine. C.J.C.)
“I confess I have no repugnance to the primitive doctrine of a ransom paid to Satan, though neither am I prepared to give full assent to it. BUT I CAN SEE NO OTHER POSSIBLE FORM IN WHICH THE DOCTRINE OF A RANSOM IS AT ALL TENABLE; ANYTHING IS BETTER THAN THE NOTION OF A RANSOM PAID TO THE FATHER.” Life & Letters., Vol. 1, p. 428. (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
Defenders of Dr. Hort admit that he was rather “weak” on the atonement. That admission is a masterpiece of understatement.
The depths of this repudiation of the truth is indicated by his scathing reference to the subject, when he suggests that Mariolatry may be accounted for,
“On the good side, by a right reaction from the inhuman and semi-diabolical character with which God is invested in all modern orthodoxies-Zeus and Prometheus over again? In Protestant countries the fearful notion, ‘CHRIST THE BELIEVER’S GOD’ is the result:” Ibid., Vol. 2, p. 50. (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
To whom is Mr. Hort opening up the thinking of his deluded mind? None other than Bruce Foss Westcott, co-conspirator with him to destroy the Textus Receptus, the Greek text which underlies the incomparable Authorized Version, commonly known as the KJV.
What unfathomable darkness in the mind of Hort in this confidential letter to his fellow schemer, B.F. Westcott.
His willingness to treat the Atonement made for our sins by our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ as a ransom paid to Satan - rather than a ransom paid to the Father reveals shocking ignorance, or deliberate rejection of the witness of the Holy Scriptures. The Word of God gives the lie to the man to whom all users of the new versions owe such a debt of delusion Hort forgets:
“How much more shall the Blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit, OFFERED HIMSELF WITHOUT SPOT TO GOD, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? Hebrews 9:14
Incidentally from Hebrews 9:13 to the very end of the Book is not found in the VILE Vaticanus manuscript. From the pages of the Old Testament the voice of the Evangelical Prophet gives the lie to the spiritual father of your new versions:
“All we like sheep have gone astray, we have turned every one to his own way; AND THE LORD HATH LAID ON HIM THE INIQUITY OF US ALL. Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.” Isaiah 53:6,10. (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
When Hort states that all modern orthodoxies invest our God with a semi-diabolical character, he simply reveals the lingering influence of the occult world in his own mind.
His likening the glorious Atonement of our Lord on our behalf to Zeus and Prometheus is blasphemy in the highest degree. Hort’s reference in which he compares the sacrificial death of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ to Zeus and Prometheus reveals such occult thinking that at the early age of thirty-four his brain could no longer stand the strain of such evil thoughts.
In Greek mythology a diabolical parody on the atonement. The god Zeus decided that human beings must live without the benefit of fire for cooking in order to compel mankind to eat raw flesh.
Prometheus stole fire from Mount Olympus and gave it to humanity. Zeus was very angry and punished Prometheus, by chaining him naked to a post in the mountains where ravenous birds would come each day and eat his liver. The liver was supernaturally renewed every night.
After many years of suffering in this manner, Prometheus is released with the consent of Zeus. The final scene before us is the supreme deity with his father’s curse endured for so many years, finally released. Prometheus becomes the hero who endured this awesome suffering because of his love for the human race.
Who can fail to see in Hort’s blasphemous comparison a diabolical distortion of the glorious doctrine of the Atonement?
This also is a control of the mind by our adversary the devil. Do not say that this is vilification. It is Biblical truth that Mr. White demands. My evidence, is the truth taught by the Holy Spirit through the Apostle Paul:
“If our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost: In whom the god of this world, (Satan) hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.” 2 Corinthians 4:3-4.
It is often only a step from confusion regarding man’s origin, to confusion regarding that which determines his destiny. That is his attitude towards the atonement.
In Hort’s case it was so. He found great difficulty in accepting the truth that our Lord and Saviour “bore our sins in His own body on the tree.” 1 Peter 2:24.
In spite of the fact that the Scripture plainly teaches, “Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us” (Gal 3:13), Hort found the doctrine of “substitutionary atonement, most unacceptable.”
“O that Coleridge, while showing the notion of a fictitious substituted righteousness, of a transferable stock of good actions, obscured the truth of man’s restoration in the Man who perfectly acted out the idea of man, had expounded the truth, (for such I am sure, there must be) that underlies the corresponding heresy, (as it appears to me) of a FICTITIOUS SUBSTITUTED PENALTY.” Ibid., Vol. 1, p. 120. (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
“I entirely agree... with what you there say on the Atonement, having for many years believed that the absolute union of the Christian (OR RATHER OF MAN) with Christ Himself, is the spiritual truth of which the popular doctrine of substitution is an immoral and material counterfeit... Certainly nothing can be more unscriptural than the modern limiting of Christ’s bearing our sins and sufferings to His death; BUT INDEED THAT IS ONLY ONE ASPECT OF AN ALMOST UNIVERSAL HERESY.” Ibid., p. 430. (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
“Before accepting this post he candidly explained to the Bishop that objection might be taken to his views, especially on the doctrine of the Atonement; but to his great relief, the Bishop was perfectly satisfied to take him as he found him.” Ibid., Vol. 11, p.57. (Capitals mine.C.J.C.)
Let us at this point keep in mind the words of Paul to Timothy: “THOU HAST FULLY KNOWN MY DOCTRINE....” II Tim. 3:10a.
The question before us is this; did Bishop Ely fully know Hort’s doctrine on the atonement when he accepted him as examining Chaplain?
“My fear is that, partly in views and still more in sympathies, I do not sufficiently conform to any of the recognized standards to be a fit person for the special post which you offer me ... I have, I trust a firm AND ASSURED BELIEF IN THE REALITY OF REVELATION, THE AUTHORITY OF SCRIPTURE, THE UNIQUENESS AND SUPREMACY OF THE GOSPELS... Moreover MR. MAURICE HAS BEEN A DEAR FRIEND OF MINE FOR TWENTY THREE YEARS, AND I HAVE BEEN DEEPLY INFLUENCED BY HIS BOOKS... BUT THEY HAVE LED ME TO DOUBT WHETHER THE CHRISTIAN FAITH IS ADEQUATELY OR PURELY PRESENTED IN ALL RESPECTS IN THE ACCEPTED DOCTRINES OF ANY LIVING SCHOOL.” Life & Letters, Vol. 2, p. 155.
(Capitals mine. C.J.C..)
Maurice, a son of a Unitarian minister, was dismissed from his position as Professor of English Literature and History, at King’s College London, in 1853, because of his unorthodoxy on the subject of eternal punishment.
“I feel entirely with you that a fundamental difference on that subject of the atonement, if it existed, would place me in a false position as your examining chaplain ... If there be any difference, it concerns only the relation of the Atonement to other doctrines ...Christian peace comes not from sin denied, or sin ignored, but sin washed away. If it was not washed effectually away once for all upon the cross, an awakened conscience has no refuge but in futile self efforts after an heathenish self-atonement. (See Rape of Hort’s Mind. Page 24 for an illustration of erroneous thinking that completely negates the value of this apparent orthodoxy.) About the manner of the Atonement, we must all feel that it lies in a region into which we can have only glimpses ... It is the vain attempt to bring the Divine Truth down to the level of our own understandings, that has created all the dark perversions of the Atonement which have justly offended sensitive consciences, and so given to the denial of the truth itself.” Ibid., Vol. 11, p. 157.
Let us keep in mind the fact that Hort considered the idea of substitutionary suffering an offense, and felt that the ransom could well be offered to Satan but never to the Father.
“So also the uniqueness of the great Sacrifice seems to me not to consist in its being a substitute which makes all other sacrifices useless and unmeaning, but in its giving them the power and meaning which of themselves they could not have. He (Maurice) may have dwelt too exclusively on the idea of sacrifice which is suggested in Hebrews 10:5-10, AND HE MAY HAVE FAILED TO MAKE CLEAR THAT SACRIFICE IS NOT THE ONLY WAY OF CONCEIVING ATONEMENT.” Ibid., p. 158. (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
Leviticus 17:11: “For the life of the flesh is in the blood; and I have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls; for it is the blood that maketh an atonement for the soul.”
Obviously Dr. Hort and the Word of God differ on the Atonement.
Ephesians 5:2: “And walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us and hath given Himself for us AN OFFERING AND A SACRIFICE TO GOD.” (Not to Satan as Hort suggests)
Hebrews 9:26 b: “Now once in the end of the world hath He appeared, TO PUT AWAY SIN BY THE SACRIFICE OF HIMSELF.”
Hebrews 10:12: “But this man, after HE HAD OFFERED ONE SACRIFICE FOR SINS FOREVER, SAT DOWN ON THE RIGHT HAND OF GOD.”
1 Corinthians 5:7: “Christ our Passover is SACRIFICED FOR US.”
Bishop Ely’s reply to Hort is enlightening, as to what he did not know about Dr. Hort’s theology.
“I believe from what you kindly write that there is no fundamental difference between us on the doctrine of the Atonement, and I am disposed to flatter myself that there may be great sympathy between us on many points.” Ibid., Vol. 11, p. 159.
Either Hort deceived the Bishop or the Bishop himself also was heretical concerning the Atonement.
“I hope I may have misconceived Maurice; for on the subject in question, I have been a good deal pained by his writings. I entirely feel with you that it is quite possible to believe the sacrifice of Christ to be the acting out and manifestation of an eternal principle, WITHOUT DISPARAGING THE ATONING POWER OF THAT SACRIFICE. What I fear is that Mr. Maurice does substitute the one thought for the other, AND DOES NOT COMBINE THE TWO.” Ibid., Vol. 11, p. 159. (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
Bishop Ely probably could not know the tremendous influence of Maurice on the thinking and theology of Hort. Throughout his life, Hort constantly referred to Maurice in the most glowing terms of adulation and praise. Hort Jr. tells us the sad story in A SHORT SINGLE SENTENCE:
“MAURICE’S TEACHING WAS THE MOST POWERFUL ELEMENT IN HIS RELIGIOUS DEVELOPMENT, SATISFYING MANY A WANT WHICH HAD HITHERTO DISTRESSED HIM.” Life & Letters, Vol. 1, p. 42. (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
Hort never seems to have lost his supreme confidence in Maurice. We find him as a young man submitting himself and his thinking to the verdict of Maurice on the most important doctrines.
“Since you have been chosen rather to guide us in the old ways, which God made, and not you, surely the aid you have already given is a pledge of your willingness to assist us again in discerning the eternal order among all the confusions that beset us, and to bear with the perverseness which more that anything blinds our eyes. (II Cor. 4:4) I have therefore resolved to ask you to guide me, if you can, to a satisfactory solution of a question which has long been tormenting me ... I mean the question whether any man will be hereafter punished with never ending torments, spiritual or physical.” Ibid., Vol. 1, p. 116.
There then follows a string of questions and doubts and guesses which reveal how completely Hort’s mind was confused.
If Hort had not already rejected the full authority of the Scriptures he could have the vexing question settled by referring to the Bible; rather than to a man who was to be dismissed from his position for heretical views on that very question.
John 3:36 would have settled the issue. The words are clear. “He that believeth on the Son (Lord Jesus Christ) hath everlasting life: And he that believeth not the Son SHALL NOT SEE LIFE: BUT THE WRATH OF GOD ABIDETH ON HIM.”
Revelation 20:15, “And whosoever was not found written in the book of life, was cast into the lake of fire.” Vs. 10 clearly states that in this lake of fire the inhabitants shall be tormented day and night forever and ever.
“His mind ran much on theological difficulties, and his perplexities caused at times deep depression. The result was that he wrote to Maurice a long letter on Eternal Punishment and Redemption...” Ibid., pp.91.92.
This action of Hort’s would resemble the action of a lamb going to a wolf to ask directions. In each case the answer would prove fatal. Real Bible study with the leading of the Holy Spirit should never produce depression or confusion.
1 Corinthians 14:33, “For God is not the author of confusion.”
Psalm 19:8, “The statutes of the Lord are right, REJOICING THE HEART.”
“It was with the greatest difficulty that I screwed out time to write to Maurice; and that I should have deferred, but that the question was daily driving me mad.” Ibid., Vol. 1, p. 124.
Contrast; “Rejoicing the heart” and “Driving me mad”. Obviously Hort was trapped in the web of false doctrine, at an early age. One might suggest, from the moment that he ceased to believe the evangelical fundamental doctrines of Scripture.
“Yet he found time to attend the meetings of various societies, and in June joined THE MYSTERIOUS COMPANY OF THE APOSTLES ... He remained always a grateful and loyal member of the secret club ... HE WAS MAINLY RESPONSIBLE FOR THE WORDING OF THE OATH THAT BINDS THE MEMBERS TO A CONSPIRACY OF SILENCE.” (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
Before consenting to join, he asked Maurice’s advice. Vol. 1, Page 170-171.
Matthew 5:34 and 37; “But I say unto you, Swear not at all; neither by heaven; for it is God’s throne:...But let your communication be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay: for whatsoever is more than these cometh of evil.”
“TWO OTHER SOCIETIES of widely different aims were started in the same year, IN BOTH OF WHICH HORT SEEMS TO HAVE BEEN THE MOVING SPIRIT: one small club formed for the practice of choral music, the other called by its members, THE GHOSTLY GUILD, the object of which was to classify authenticated instances of what are now called ‘psychical phenomena’ ...” Ibid., Vol. 1, p. 172. (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
In 1 Timothy 4:1, Paul speaks of seducing spirits and doctrines of devils. “Now the Spirit speaketh expressly that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith giving heed to seducing spirits and doctrines of devils.” (This is precisely what Hort did).
It is only a short step from abandoning evangelical doctrines fundamental to the faith, to that of “giving heed” to seducing spirits, and “doctrines of devils.”
Any teaching which contradicts the clear teaching of the Holy Spirit, comes from an unholy spirit, i.e. a demon. Dr. Hort’s letters seem to literally abound in contradictions of Scripture; and as we have already seen he glories in his rejection of evangelical doctrines. This is the work of Satan in the souls of men.
Let Dr. Hort speak for himself on this matter,
“I had no idea till the last few weeks of the importance of texts, having read so little Greek Testament, and DRAGGED ON WITH THE VILLAINOUS TEXTUS RECEPTUS” ... “THINK OF THAT VILE TEXTUS RECEPTUS LEANING ENTIRELY ON LATE MANUSCRIPTS: IT IS A BLESSING THERE ARE SUCH EARLY ONES ...” Life & Letters, Vol. 1, p. 211. (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
Hort refers of course to the very corrupt Codex B. (Vaticanus), and very probably Codex L - Regius - at Paris, a carelessly written manuscript which often supports Vaticanus readings. Later in 1859 the Codex Sinaiticus, in which it’s finder Tischendorf, noted twelve thousand alterations, made it’s appearance. These he considered the “oldest and best” manuscripts. From where did Hort get this great antipathy to the Textus Receptus so early in his career? How did he conceive his ingenious theories to minimize the fact that the Textus Receptus, (the Greek text underlying the King James Version of the Bible), is without doubt, representative of a very high percentage of all Greek manuscripts? Let the careful student of the case remember that Hort was never able to produce a vestige of historical evidence for his carefully spun out theories. It just does not exist.
To this writer the statement which immediately follows Hort’s describing the sacred text as “Vile” is most revealing:
“Westcott, Gorham, C.B. Scott, Benson, Bradshaw, Laurd, etc. and I have started a society for the investigation of ghosts, and all supernatural appearances, and effects, being all disposed to believe that such things really exist, and ought to be discriminated from hoaxes and mere subjective delusions; we shall be happy to obtain any good accounts well authenticated with names. Our own temporary name is the GHOSTLY GUILD.” Ibid., Vol. 1, p. 211. (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
The connection of this statement with his declamation against the Textus Receptus is of great significance.
Here we have the hidden background for the modern spreading rejection of the King James Version. The followers of Westcott and Hort are following the lead of men who at the instigation of seducing spirits, have departed from the faith. In some cases this departure is openly manifested by a strictly forbidden prying into the occult. These having received from the world of spirits a hatred for the true Word of God, are swiftly and surely leading multitudes into the same satanic pitfall.
Witness the strange behavior of multitudes who having abandoned the King James Version of the Scriptures, react in various ways:
Any and all of the above reactions are those of men and women who have been misled in the greatest matter in this life. That is, where is the pure Word of God?
Virtually every new bible version that is highly advertised today is based upon the corrupt and contradictory manuscripts Vaticanus and Sinaiticus. Protest as they may the translators labor under the heavy shackles of the erroneous thinking of Westcott and Hort.
The writer is deeply convinced of the great danger to the individual who trusts a new Bible Version. It is my conviction that, THE GREATEST ATTACK OF THE DEVIL ON THE CHURCH IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY IS THE NEW BIBLE VERSION MOVEMENT.
IT WAS WESTCOTT AND HORT WHO FIGURED GREATLY IN THE ELEVATING OF VATICANUS AND SINAITICUS TO THE UNWARRANTED PLACE OF AUTHORITY THAT THESE MANUSCRIPTS HOLD IN THE MINDS OF MODERN TRANSLATORS.
“There is then in reserve yet a fourth method, the elaboration is perhaps Hort’s most original contribution to the science of textual criticism - that is the method of ‘genealogical evidence’. The principle indeed had been applied to manuscripts by previous scholars, but NEVER SO FULLY DEVELOPED.” Life & Letters, Vol. 11, p. 249. (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
Many scholars today state unequivocally that Westcott and Hort did not and could not apply the “genealogical” test to the manuscripts of the New Testament. In other words, Hort’s great method and its so called assured results have been proven to be a great deception. Scholars of stature have branded Hort’s “assured results” as a fabrication. This seems to be a polite way of saying that Hort lied.
It now becomes obvious that Hort’s great weapon, or “genealogical method”, with which he “slew” the Textus Receptus was a phantom sword. It could neither cut nor hurt the Textus Receptus. His “assured results” were deceptions of the most reprehensible character. The scholars believed the lie and like sheep going astray turned to Greek texts based upon greatly inferior manuscripts.
By this time Hort knows that he did not “slay” the Textus Receptus. It is highly probable that the Textus Receptus will “slay” Hort. Jesus said, “The Word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day.” John 12:48b.
So upon the teachings of a man who admittedly departed from the faith of Evangelical believers, who yielded himself up to secret societies, including the occult; who also received Satanic deceptions concerning the Atonement and many other doctrines; who also is being branded by modern scholars as a deceiver, the religious world moves tragically and swiftly in the FOOTSTEPS OF WESTCOTT AND HORT.
The awesome tragedy of our day is this; namely that the identical blindness concerning the Scriptures that led Westcott and Hort to reject the Textus Receptus, is fastening itself on the minds of multitudes of men and women who like Hort are being drawn from the position of faith in the Scriptures to faith in Bible versions which indeed corrupt the Word of God. II Cor. 2:17, “For we are not as many, which corrupt the word of God: but as of sincerity, but as of God, in the sight of God speak we in Christ.” The tragedy is heightened by the fact that a great number of sincere Christian men and women who are in influential positions are engaged in spreading the deceptions of Westcott and Hort, while all the time feeling that they are ‘improving’ on the readings of the King James Version. What a day of reckoning lies ahead in Revelation 22:18-19.
In the light of Revelation 12:9, “Satan which deceiveth the whole world” and Luke 18:8 “When the Son of Man cometh, shall He find faith on the earth?” The mind boggles under the triumph of “the old Serpent” who in Eden’s garden first cast a doubt regarding the Word of God, and then an outright denial into the mind of Eve. The religious world races madly after scores of “new and improved” versions of the Bible. The vast majority of which seem to specialize in casting doubts upon the Deity of Christ, His virgin birth, and the blood atonement.
God in mercy is awakening some among the learned.
After reading Dr. David Otis Fuller’s most excellent books WHICH BIBLE? and TRUE OR FALSE?, he writes as follows:
“I carried these titles with me all summer long, and immersed myself in
them. I have never underscored books so much as I have done in them.
THEY ENHANCED MY APPRECIATION OF THE K.J.V. AS THE TRUE REVELATION OF GOD
AS NO OTHER WRITINGS. AS A MEMBER OF THE COMMITTEE IN THE PRODUCTION OF
THE AMPLIFIED NEW TESTAMENT, WE CONSCIENTIOUSLY AND HONESTLY FELT IT WAS A
MARK OF INTELLIGENCE TO FOLLOW ‘WESTCOTT AND HORT’. NOW, WHAT YOU HAVE IN
THESE BOOKS STRIKES TERROR TO MY HEART. IT PROVES ALARMINGLY THAT BEING
CONSCIENTIOUSLY WRONG IS A MOST DANGEROUS STATE OF BEING. GOD HELP US TO
BE MORE CAUTIOUS, LEST WE FALL INTO THE SNARES OF THE ARCH DECEIVER.”
Dr. S. Franklin Logsdon (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
In a personal letter to the writer of this brochure the same scholar writes; with reference to the New American Standard Version;
“When questions began to reach me, at first I WAS QUITE OFFENDED. However, in attempting to answer, I began to sense that something was not right about the N.A.S.V. Upon investigation, I wrote my very dear friend, Mr. Lockman, EXPLAINING THAT I WAS FORCED TO RENOUNCE ALL ATTACHMENT TO THE N.A.S.V. ...I could not add much to what Dr. Fuller has in his books, copies of which you possess. I can aver that the project (N.A.S.V.) was produced by thoroughly sincere men who had the best intentions. THE PRODUCT, HOWEVER, IS GRIEVOUS TO MY HEART AND HELPS TO COMPLICATE MATTERS IN THESE ALREADY TROUBLOUS TIMES. GOD BLESS YOU AS YOU PRESS THE BATTLE!” Letter to C.J.C. from Dr.S.Franklin Logsdon.(Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
The Apostle Paul who was indeed a man of God, was not only willing but desirous that men and women should be fully aware of his “doctrine, manner of life, (AND) PURPOSE ...” II Timothy 3:10. Westcott and Hort deliberately hid the worst of their theological errors, and their PURPOSE,
“The errors and prejudices which we agree in wishing to remove, can surely be more wholesomely and also more effectually reached by individual efforts OF AN INDIRECT KIND THAN BY COMBINED OPEN ASSAULT. AT PRESENT VERY MANY ORTHODOX BUT RATIONAL MEN ARE BEING UNAWARES ACTED ON BY INFLUENCES WHICH WILL ASSUREDLY BEAR GOOD FRUIT IN DUE TIME, IF THE PROCESS IS ALLOWED TO GO ON QUIETLY; BUT I CANNOT HELP FEARING THAT A PREMATURE CRISIS WOULD FRIGHTEN BACK MANY INTO THE MEREST TRADITIONALISM. AND AS A MERE MATTER OF PRUDENCE, IT SEEMS TO ME QUESTIONABLE TO SET UP A SINGLE BROAD CONSPICUOUS TARGET FOR THE PHILISTINES TO SHOOT AT, UNLESS THERE IS SOME VERY DECIDED ADVANTAGE TO BE GAINED.” Life & Letters, Vol. 1, p.400.(Capitals mine C.J.C.)
There we have a very plain statement to the effect that Hort was deliberately leading orthodox believers into the same diabolical trap into which he and Westcott had already fallen.
May every Christian person who had been led to trust the theories of Westcott and Hort ponder prayerfully the implications of this hiding of their purpose. Please keep in mind also that the new Bible versions are all greatly influenced by the conniving and deliberate deception of these men. Very, very occasionally we find an exception, but usually that exception is a very weak effort to “improve” the K.J.V.
Let my reader who has abandoned the Textus Receptus ask himself prayerfully before the Lord, if he is not one of those who follow in the train of sincere orthodox men that are being “worked” on by forces or influences of which they are not aware? What a horrible way to lead souls astray! Truly Satanic in every respect. The twentieth century has seen a flood of orthodox men and women fall into this trap.
“Also - but this may be cowardice - I have a sort of craving that our text should be cast upon the world, BEFORE WE DEAL WITH MATTERS LIKELY TO BRAND US WITH SUSPICION. I MEAN, A TEXT (WESTCOTT AND HORT GREEK TEXT) (parenthesis mine C.J.C. ) ISSUED BY MEN ALREADY KNOWN FOR WHAT WILL UNDOUBTEDLY BE TREATED AS DANGEROUS HERESY, WILL HAVE GREAT DIFFICULTY IN FINDING ITS WAY INTO REGIONS WHICH IT MIGHT OTHERWISE HOPE TO REACH AND WHENCE IT WOULD NOT BE EASILY BANISHED BY SUBSEQUENT ALARMS.” Life & Letters, Vol. 1, p. 445. (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
Here Hort spoke as a prophet of the Pit. The Westcott and Hort Greek text has indeed reached into places and has been accepted where it ought not and would not have been accepted, if these men had published their dangerously heretical essays before their Greek text. Slowly but surely this text is being dislodged, but as Hort said, “NOT EASILY”. Its terrible damage has been done, and multitudes who think they have been freed from the shackles of Westcott and Hort, prove indeed that they really have not, by their complete trust in the manuscripts which were the objects of veneration by these deceiving scholars; namely Vaticanus and Sinaiticus; and by their abandonment of the Textus Receptus, which we have seen was an object of the antagonism of Hort from his earliest student days.
When a man is doctrinally astray, every area of life may be influenced by the fact that the Adversary has deceived him in the realm of faith. We shall now review a few examples of how Hort’s mind was inflexibly set as a result of religious error and apostasy.
ATTENTION ALL METHODISTS. Hort to his father December 14th 1846. “In fact his whole course lay in misrepresentation, confounding Evangelicalism with Methodism, WHICH LAST IS WORSE THAN POPERY BEING MORE INSIDIOUS.” Ibid., Vol. 1, p. 49. (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
ATTENTION ALL WOMEN OF VOTING AGE. Hort to Ellerton March 1850. Re voting privileges for women. “Why exclude women? ... It might be expedient for a while to exclude them, as they had always been excluded; ... but this touched not my point, whether in a right and normal state of things they would not have equal political rights with men. I DO NOT THINK I EVER ABSOLUTELY ASSENTED, BUT FOR A LONG WHILE I COULD FIND NO REASON FOR REFUSING ASSENT.” Ibid., Vol. 1, p. 134. (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
Perhaps someone will now step forward and tell us why women should not vote.
A critic writes, “let us stick to the issues, and cease dabbling in personalities! It makes little difference whether Hort favored or opposed women’s suffrage in 1850 ... he actually favored it if the women were educated.” Now that was decent of Dr. Hort!
My critics should know that the very purpose of this essay is to demonstrate the deviant thinking of Dr. Hort in so many areas of life, that the sincere believer who has been led astray by his theories, may be released from the necessity of attributing a near infallibility to his judgment concerning what constitutes the “oldest and best” manuscripts, and the revisions of the Bible that are based upon those manuscripts.
ATTENTION ALL PROTESTANTS. Hort to Westcott. September 23rd 1864: “I remember shocking you and Lightfoot not so very long ago by expressing a belief that PROTESTANTISM IS ONLY PARENTHETICAL AND TEMPORARY.” Ibid., Vol. 11, p. 31. (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
Hort to Westcott. September 28th 1864. “I must take the chance of your misunderstanding me for the present, and merely state one comprehensive belief, that perfect Catholicity has been nowhere since the Reformation (strictly indeed it was cruelly injured by the Filioque, and the Athanasian Creed), and that since then we have had the pre-eminence in constitutional Catholicity, and (not ‘Rome’ but) the churches that hold to Rome in historical Catholicity.” Ibid., Vol.11, pp. 31-32
ATTENTION ALL NEGROES (with reference to slavery). Hort to Ellerton, September 25 1862. “Lincoln is, I think almost free from the nearly universal dishonesty of American politicians ... I cannot see that he has shown any special virtues or statesmanlike capacities ... (three years later he admits to growth in wisdom and nobleness in Lincoln) ... I hate it (slavery) much more for its influence on the whites than on the niggers themselves. The refusal of education to them is abominable; how far they are capable of being ennobled by it is not clear. As yet everywhere (not in slavery only) they have surely shown themselves only as an immeasurably inferior race. JUST HUMAN AND NO MORE, THEIR RELIGION FROTHY AND SENSUOUS, THEIR HIGHEST VIRTUES THOSE OF A GOOD NEWFOUNDLAND DOG. IF ENJOYMENT AND COMPARATIVE FREEDOM FROM SORROW AND CARE MAKE UP HAPPINESS, PROBABLY NO SET OF MEN IN EUROPE (UNLESS IT BE THE IRISH) ARE SO HAPPY.” Life & Letters, Vol. 1., p. 458. (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
The above sentiments constitute BLASPHEMY AGAINST THE HUMAN RACE. HAD HORT NEVER READ ACTS 10:28B?
“But God hath showed me I should never call any man common or unclean.” What outlandishly cruel and thoughtless sentiments he expressed in judging the Negro slaves to be “SO HAPPY”. Comment: It would appear that he could not envision the unmitigated horror of a slave ship, filled with men and women also, who would never see husband, wife, or children again. Humanity for whom Christ had died, treated so vilely. Multitudes of these would never see their home land again. Many would be used as animals by their cruel masters. Sorrow beyond description was to be the portion of the enslaved Negro.
THE BLASPHEMY AGAINST HUMANITY CONTINUES (Still concerning Negroes). Now we shall see that Hort was no more an accurate judge of man that he was of manuscripts. He erred every time.
Hort to Ellerton. September 25th, 1862. “Their real and most unquestionable degradation, IF ALTERED BY SLAVERY, IS HARDLY AGGRAVATED; ... NEVERTHELESS THE THING (SLAVERY) IS ACCURSED MOST POSITIVELY FROM ITS CORRUPTING POWER OVER THE DOMINANT RACE.” Ibid., Vol. 1, p. 458. (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
“While the war lasts, (Between North and South in the United States) therefore I FULLY SYMPATHIZE WITH THE SOUTH.”(The slave keepers). “I CARE MORE FOR ENGLAND AND FOR EUROPE THAN FOR AMERICA, HOW MUCH MORE THAN FOR ALL THE NIGGERS IN THE WORLD! AND I CONTEND THAT THE HIGHEST MORALITY REQUIRES ME TO DO SO.” Ibid., Vol. 1, p. 459. (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
IF THE FOREGOING REPRESENTS THE HIGHEST MORALITY TO DR. HORT, WHAT DEPTHS WOULD HAVE TO BE PLUMBED IN ORDER TO FIND THAT WHICH HE WOULD CONSIDER IMMORAL?
ATTENTION ALL AMERICANS! Hort to Ellerton. September 25th,1862. “SOME THIRY YEARS AGO NIEBUHR WROTE TO THIS EFFECT: “WHATEVER PEOPLE MAY SAY TO THE CONTRARY, THE AMERICAN EMPIRE IS A STANDING MENACE TO THE WHOLE CIVILIZATION OF EUROPE, AND SOONER OR LATER ONE OR THE OTHER MUST PERISH...” Ibid., Vol.1, p. 459. (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
It is highly probable that European civilization would have indeed perished during the days of World War II, apart from the intervention of the American people. Looking back to World War I, it is safe to say that at this time the American forces played a vital part in the PRESERVATION OF THAT SAME EUROPEAN CIVILIZATION. INCIDENTALLY THE NEGRO PEOPLE WERE WELL REPRESENTED AND GAVE A VERY GOOD ACCOUNT OF THEMSELVES IN THE SAVING OF EUROPEAN CIVILIZATION DURING WORLD WAR II.
“AMERICAN DOCTRINE... DESTROYS THE ROOT OF EVERYTHING VITALLY PRECIOUS WHICH MAN HAS BY PAINFUL GROWTH BEEN LEARNING FROM THE EARLIEST TIMES TILL NOW AND TENDS ONLY TO REDUCE US TO THE GORILLA STATE. THE AMERICAN EMPIRE SEEMS TO ME MAINLY AN EMBODIMENT OF AMERICAN DOCTRINE, ITS LEADING PRINCIPLE BEING LAWLESS FORCE.” (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
Is it possible that there is still an American theologian who loves God and his country who would trust Hort in the realm of faith, doctrine, morals, and manuscripts?
“SURELY IF EVER BABYLON OR ROME WERE RIGHTLY CURSED, IT CANNOT BE WRONG TO DESIRE AND PRAY FROM THE BOTTOM OF ONE’S HEART THAT THE AMERICAN UNION MAY BE SHIVERED TO PIECES. THIS IS NOT WISHING ILL TO AMERICANS, QUITE THE REVERSE; THE BREAKING OF THEIR POWER AS A NATION (WHICH HAS NOT BROUGHT, TO THE BEST OF MY KNOWLEDGE, ONE SINGLE BLESSING ON MANKIND) MAY, WE HOPE, BE THE FIRST AND A NEEDFUL STEP TOWARDS THEIR ADVANCEMENT IN ALL HIGHER AND NOBLER RESPECTS.” Life & Letters, Vol. 1, p. 459. (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
HORT’S LEGACY OF A CORRUPT GREEK TEXT BASED UPON CORRUPT AND SELF CONTRADICTORY MANUSCRIPTS, WHICH HAS EXERCISED ITS BANEFUL INFLUENCE DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY UPON THE HUGE ARRAY OF MODERN VERSIONS OF THE BIBLE, HAS RESULTED IN MILLIONS ABANDONING THE TRUE BIBLE. THE MAD RUSH TO TRANSLATE OUR MODERN VERSIONS AND PARAPHRASES INTO SCORES OF THE OTHER LANGUAGES HAS AND WILL DO MORE TO HASTEN THE DOWNFALL OF AMERICA AND ALL NATIONS THAT ARE IN THIS MANNER DECEIVED, THAN ANY OTHER SINGLE FACTOR.
“We must not expect ever to get to the bottom of the meaning of baptism. One of the things, I think which shows the falsity of the Evangelical notion of this subject, is that it is so trim and precise ... hence I never expect to get completely round to comprehend, the idea of baptism. But I believe that we agree ... that Maurice’s view ... is the true one. Is the Holy Spirit given only in baptism? (I mean of course, not till baptism) or given before, but increased in baptism, or lastly, is it given to every human creature, and is baptism only its seal and assurance? This is a point on which I should like to have a long talk with Maurice himself... we maintain ‘Baptismal regeneration’ as the most important of doctrines. Almost all Anglican statements are a mixture of the true and the Romish view: 2nd. the pure Romish views seems to me nearer, and more likely to lead to thruth than the Evangelical.” Ibid., Vol. 1, p. 76.
“For my own part I would gladly admit to the minstry such as hold Gorman’s view, MUCH MORE SUCH AS HOLD THE ORDINARY CONFUSED EVANGELICAL NOTIONS.” (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
If my reader will go back and read Hort’s wild guesses regarding baptism, he will marvel that this man would call Evangelicals confused. The greatest confusion among Evangelicals today is that which is created by their unquestioning acceptance of the Westcott and Hort Greek text and the new Bible versions based on it; or on the almost equally corrupt Nestle’s text. In other words it would appear that Hort’s confusion is contagious!
Re “Gorham’s” views on baptism. Hort has declared himself as ready to ‘gladly admit’ to the ministry those who held these views. But let us continue to quote from his letter to Gerald Blunt May 12th, 1850.
“I do not think that Gorham’s views would have been tolerated in the early ages. I am not aware of their existence for many centuries EXCEPT IN NOTORIOUS HERETICS.” (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
Hort’s great sympathy with “notorious heretics” is understandable when we remember that in Vol. 1, page 445 he refers to himself and Westcott as holding doctrines which “will undoubtedly be treated as dangerous heresy”. This of course he wished to hide until such times as the Westcott and Hort Greek text fastened itself into areas of the thought life of the scholars, from which subsequent exposure of his vast errors could not easily dislodge it.
“May I take this opportunity of asking what you mean (in Kingdom of Christ first edition Vol. 1, p. 45) by the phrase, “THE SATISFACTION OFFERED TO THE EVIL SPIRIT, BY GIVING UP TO HIM ALL THAT HE CAN RIGHTLY CLAIM WHILE ALL THAT IS REAL AND PRECIOUS IS REDEEMED OUT OF HIS HANDS?” Ibid., Vol. 1, p. 122. (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
Maurice’s reply was such that we find Hort, eleven years later, making the awesome statement recorded earlier in this brochure;
“I confess I have no repugnance to the primitive doctrine of ransom paid to Satan neither am I prepared to give full assent to it. But I can see no other possible form in which the doctrine of a ransom is at all tenable; ANYTHING IS BETTER THAN THE NOTION OF A RANSOM PAID TO THE FATHER.” Life & Letters, Vol. 1, p. 428. (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
Maurice’s doctrine is primitive all right. It savours of the type of spirit worship practiced by primitive peoples who are without the knowledge of God.
“Finally St. Paul’s mysterious words, ‘without shedding of blood there is no remission of sins’. (BUT I HAVE LABOURED SO UTTERLY IN VAIN TO APPREHEND IN ANY MEASURE WHAT THIS IDEA IS, THAT I HOPE YOU WILL DEEPEN AND WIDEN THE HINTS THAT YOU HAVE ALREADY GIVEN.” (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
“I am quite conscious that I have given but few distinct objections to the common belief, (Redemption through the Blood of the Lamb, C.J.C.) in what I have written, but so indeed it must be; LANGUAGE CANNOT ACCURATELY DEFINE THE TWINGE OF SHRINKING HORROR WHICH MIXES WITH MY THOUGHTS WHEN I HEAR THE POPULAR NOTION ASSERTED.” (Even without the blasphemous adjuncts which too often accompany it) Ibid., Vol. 1, p. 122. (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
The Apostle Peter teaches us that our “REDEMPTION” is indeed, “WITH THE PRECIOUS BLOOD OF CHRIST, AS OF A LAMB WITHOUT BLEMISH AND WITHOUT SPOT.” I Peter 1:19
Revelation 12:11 “And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony; and they loved not their lives unto the death.”
Gorham properly rejected the doctrine of baptismal regeneration. For this, Hort “must” regard him as a heretic. (See Hort’s statement about baptism). Yet Dr. Hort would gladly admit to the ministy those who held Gorham’s view.
Maurice, the son of a Unitarian minister was heretical. Of Maurice, Hort said:
“I have been deeply influenced by his books. To myself it seems that I owe to them chiefly a firm and full hold of the Christian faith; but they have led me to doubt whether the Christian faith is adequately or purely represented in all respects in the accepted doctrines of any living school.” Ibid., Vol. II, p. 155
From his own confession it would appear that Hort would be considered heretical, or at least to believe error by every branch of Christendom.
Hort Jr. says, “Maurice’s teaching was the most powerful element in his religious development.” Thinking, Theories, and Theology Westcott and Hort. Pg.7.
Concerning another heretic, Dr. Hort boasts to Dr. Lightfoot, September 1st, 1870. “...It is, I think, difficult to measure the weight of acceptance won beforehand for the revision by THE SINGLE FACT OF OUR WELCOMING A UNITARIAN, if only the Company perseveres in its present serious and faithful spirit.” Ibid., Vol. II, p. 140. (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
Hort to Westcott, August 1870, concerning the above Unitarian taking part in the communion service at Westminister June 22nd, 1870. Hort argues for the soundness of the Unitarian at the communion service. “There is the strangest blindness about the Unitarian position, AND THE MORAL DAMAGE THAT WOULD HAVE BEEN DONE TO THE ACCEPTANCE OF THE REVISION BY THE LAITY IF UNITARIANS HAD BEEN OUTLAWED AS SUCH.” (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
NOTE: The Unitarians deny the Deity of our Lord Jesus Christ. The Bible constantly affirms our Lord’s Deity.
John 1:1 “The Word was God.”
John 1:14 “The Word was made flesh and dwelt among us...”
I Timothy 3:16 “God was manifest in the flesh...”
“HOW GREAT MUST BE THE DARKNESS IN WHICH HE WALKS WHO ASCRIBES BLINDNESS TO THOSE WHO SEE CLEARLY.” C.J.C.
What about the “twinge of shrinking horror” of which Hort speaks? We have already seen that Dr. Hort believed numerous, “doctrines of devils”. Satan and his host of servants fear the “Blood of the Lamb” (see Rev.12:11). “They overcame him by the Blood of the Lamb”. By the shedding of His blood, our Lord Jesus secured our redemption, and at the same time “spoiled principalities and powers.” (Col.2:15). Blessed truth! Does the doctrine of Redemption through blood, offend one of my readers? Is there one to whom this sounds foolish? May we call upon the Apostle Paul to explain the “twinge of horror,” or the feeling that it is “foolish”?
“For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish, FOOLISHNESS; but unto us which are saved it is the power of God.” I Cor. 1:18.
The question naturally arises; “did not Hort absorb at least some of these terrible errors in his youth?”
The answer is, “yes”, in some cases that is true. We get some idea of the tragic nature of error received at an early age as we read the following quote.
Hort to a friend. November 4th, 1865. Hort’s age at this time was 37. “ ... during the last fifteen years, MY THOUGHTS AND PURSUITS HAVE GROWN AND EXPANDED, BUT NOT CONSIDERABLY CHANGED.” It is easily possible to trace the increasing hold of error on Hort’s mind, as he develops the erroneous doctrines which he received as a younger man. (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
At 48 years of age we find that strange mysterious antagonism to the Atonement still manifesting itself.
“I must say ... that the idea expessed in the hymn, “Still ... His prevailing death He pleads” has no apostolic warrant, and cannot even be reconciled with apostolic doctrine.”
Our Lord Jesus at times rebuked his ecclesiastical enemies with the words, “Have ye not read?” Well might these words apply to Dr. Hort.
Have you not read, Hebrews 7:25. “Wherefore He is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by Him; SEEING HE EVER LIVETH TO MAKE INTERCESSION FOR THEM.” Had Dr. Hort not forsaken his Mother’s teaching, he never would have become hopelessly entangled in doctrines of demons. “... forsake not the law of thy mother:” Prov. 1:8b.
FIRMER FOUNDATIONS INDEED! HE HAD NOT FOUND ANY REAL FOUNDATION FOR HIS MISPLACED FAITH, CERTAINLY NOT IN THE SCRIPTURES.
Further scriptural evidence for the thought of Christ’s intercession is found in Hebrews 9:24. “For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, NOW TO APPEAR IN THE PRESENCE OF GOD FOR US.”
“My little children, these things write I unto you that ye sin not. And if any man sin, WE HAVE AN ADVOCATE WITH THE FATHER, JESUS CHRIST THE RIGHTEOUS.” I John 2:1
“If ye love me, keep my commandments. And I WILL PRAY THE FATHER, AND HE SHALL GIVE YOU ANOTHER COMFORTER”. John 14:15-16
“And in that day ye shall ask me nothing. Verily, verily I say unto you, WHATSOEVER YE SHALL ASK THE FATHER IN MY NAME, HE WILL GIVE IT YOU.” John 16:23
John 17:6 - 26 is one glorious prayer of intercession for all that believe on Him to the saving of the soul. All is dependent on His death and resurrection.
“Wherefore in all things it behoved Him to be made like unto his brethren, that He might be a MERCIFUL AND FAITHFUL HIGH PRIEST IN THINGS PERTAINING TO GOD TO MAKE RECONCILIATION FOR THE SINS OF THE PEOPLE.” Heb. 2:17
Lest a critic might argue that our Great High Priest is not said to mention “His prevailing death” in every one of the cited scriptures, I should point out that the very work which qualifies Him to be our High Priest and Intercessor, Advocate, is the fact of the shedding of HIS PRECIOUS BLOOD, His death and resurrection. See Revelation 1:17-18; Hebrews 2:14-18; and much more.
Our Lord’s strong rebuke to the well educated religious leaders of his days on earth, that is the Pharisees, Sadducees, and Herodians, certainly applies to Westcott and Hort, their accomplices in the “conspiracy” and all who are now deceived by their devient thinking.
“Jesus answered and said unto them, YE DO ERR, NOT KNOWING THE SCRIPTURES, NOR THE POWER OF GOD.” Matt 12:29
“Ye therefore do greatly err ...” Matt 12:27.
There is much more self incrimination contained in the letters of F.J.A. Hort. I will not publish it presently. I respectfully submit that this essay has provided proof positive that Dr. Hort’s thinking was controlled by demon power. Consequently, his teachings must be completely rejected by any one who loves our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.
I have little doubt that Mr. White will assiduously seek and find some writings of Hort that would seem to contradict the quotes which are from Hort’s personal and private correspondence. He will find some harmless statements that are undoubtedly true. Which, if it were not for the facts set forth in this paper, might be used by James White in a pitiful effort to sustain his monumental and disastrous error in seeking to make Westcott and Hort respectable, and not too untrustworthy. He errs lamentably!
James White should issue a recall of his book and republish with a retraction, and a heartfelt plea for forgiveness from his readers for his failure to sound a warning concerning the “doctrines of devils” controlling the ‘Thinking, Theories, and Theology of Drs. Westcott and Hort’.
Let my readers keep in mind this following quotation from my former essay in which Hort’s biographer informs us that Hort’s letters reveal his real self more than any of his other writings.
This statement coming from his admiring son Arthur, sets my quotation from Hort’s letters above any other writings that James White may seek to bring forward to lessen his shameful ignorance of the subject on which he writes.
The Thinking, Theories, and Theology of Westcott and Hort,
In reading various articles and books which concern themselves with the great Bible version controversy of our day, the reader can not help but be impressed with the fact that a multitude of scholars affirm that, “Hort slew the Textus Receptus. He furnished the death blow to the Textus Receptus.” There seems to be a special emphasis on the part played by Fenton John Anthony Hort in this apparent triumph of Codex B. and its Allies, over the Textus Receptus. For this reason the present treatise will deal primarily with the devient THINKING, THEORIES, AND THEOLOGY OF Dr. Hort, and his cohorts.
Nowhere in all literature can we find a more perfectly clear self revelation of the man than in the Life & Letters of Fenton John Anthony Hort, published in 1896 by his son, Arthur Fenton Hort. In his preface to this remarkable publication, Hort Jr. says concerning his father,
“His published work could give but a partial view of the man” ... “In all that he wrote his real self is shown, AND NOWHERE MORE THAN IN HIS LETTERS” ... “I should add perhaps that in his letters he was wont to express his opinions with considerable freedom; he would unburden himself to a friend with a remarkable absence of reserve which otherwise characterized his utterances. FOR THIS VERY REASON IT WOULD NOT BE RIGHT TO GIVE TO THE WORLD WITHOUT A CAUTION, VIEWS WHICH HE NEVER MEANT FOR PUBLICATION.” Ibid., pp. 7-8 Preface. (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
With such a candid introduction to his book before us, we may be prepared for some very remarkable insights into the thinking of the man who often is given the awesome title, “The Man Who Slew the Textus Receptus”.
Leaving for the present the horrible heresies of Hort, and his doctrines of devils, we turn our attention to his co-conspirator in seeking the destruction of the true Bible, the shadowy, secretive, mysterious figure of Brook Foss Westcott.
Moving mysteriously behind a screen of orthodoxy Westcott worked with Hort to undermine faith in the glorious Authorized King James Version of the Word of God.
These two outstanding personalities were by no means alone in their treacherous “scheme” to replace the pure Greek Text of the New Testament with the inconceivably corrupt text of “Westcott and Hort”. Other shadowy figures appear on the scene as we study the history of satan’s effort to destroy the Bible that teaches the final overthrow of all his plans to destroy souls, by means of lies and hypocrisy.
“Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.” John 8:44.
The Entire New Version Movement is based on lies and from the beginning caused division.
On February 10th, 1870 the Anglican church became strongly divided over the proposed revision of the Authorized King James Version. With the “Northern Convocation” of the church absolutely refusing to have anything to do with the project, the Southern Convocation forged ahead with it’s plans AND THE DIVISION THAT HAS CHARACTERIZED THE INTRODUCTION OF THE NEW VERSIONS EVER SINCE, REARED IT’S DIABOLICAL HEAD.
Now as the 20th century rushes to it’s close we see the awesome spread of that evil with hundreds of thousands of professing Christians bewitched with a flood of depraved versions of the Holy Scriptures, eagerly grasping for a new one, after vomiting out the last of these monstrosities.
James White errs as usual.
“Responsibility must be laid at the door of the KJV only camp for the
destruction of many Christian churches.” Page V.
“Introduction - The King James only Controversy”.
Obviously it was the “Revised Version” of 1881 which at it’s very outset split the Anglican church wide open on the subject of revision. Only a theological contortionist could twist the evidence so that the Northern Convocation would be blamed for the division.
James White provides the antidote for his own error.
It has often been said, that in nature (creation) wherever a poisonous plant or flower is found the antidote for it somewhere close at hand. Mr. White’s case is no exception to the rule. Repeatedly he sows the seeds of deadly poison in the minds and hearts of his readers. If we look carefully he so often, unwittingly provides the antidote which nullifies the death dealing error of this teaching.
I refuse to call this man a liar, but, he certainly errs drastically in his teaching. God alone knows his heart.
Where then shall we find the antidote for his poisonous pen?
We do not have far to look. On page one of his introduction to “his bag full of errors”, he commences to give an illustration as to, in his opinion, why an entire book should be written on the topic of the King James only controversy. His illustration is a classic. It nullifies in advance his outrageous claim that the “KJV only” camp is responsible for the destruction of many Christian churches.
To begin with, I maintain that his statement in itself is highly irresponsible. In this age of insane behaviour, such a charge could put at risk the lives of many thousands of sincere Christian men, women, and children, who clearly see through the web of dishonesty which seeks to clothe with an aura of respectability the “yea hath God said?”
The multitude of translations compete so strenuously for the dimes and dollars of feeble professing believers, whose lives are so filled with this world that they have little time or desire to study to show themselves approved unto God.
Consequently, they fall readily under the influence of those scholars who have NOT renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, and ARE walking in craftiness, and ARE handling the Word of God deceitfully; as they seek by promoting error to commend their publications to the gullible public. cf. 2 Cor 4:2.
On the second page of his introduction, James White trips over his own premise. He gives an illustration as to why the “KJV Only Camp” is so responsible for the confusion, division and controversy with which he loves to bolster his antipathy to those who refuse to relegate their precious Bible to a secondary place, or leave it altogether in favour of modern scholarship which is leading the way into a deeper, darker ignorance than that which prevailed throughout the dark ages.
The classic illustration as to why his book needed to be written is as follows. A faithful volunteer reports that the pastor of her church ministered on Matthew Chapter 18 on the Lord’s Day, using the NASB.
Accordingly he read verse 11, “For the Son of Man has come to save that which was lost.” Incidentally this verse of tremendous import is bracketed in the NASB. A marginal note contains the sum total of the wisdom of the Editorial Board of the Lockman Foundation! “Most ancient mss. omit this verse.”
This faithful volunteer and her husband were naturally “quite puzzled, and wondered why their N.I.V. should delete this verse. We are informed that this couple had not noticed the textual footnote at the foot of the page which “gave the translation of verse 11” which reads as follows; “The Son of Man came to save what was lost.” Nothing more is said about the verse missing from NIV.
Perhaps the average reader will presume that Mr. White’s use of the word “translation” indicates that the footnote would, “explain, or express in other terms” (Webster) the meaning or reason for deleting these soul thrilling words of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, as He announces the Glorious intent of God the Father in sending His only begotten Son into a world of sin and sorrow. Such is not the case. Not a single word of explanation accompanies the bald statement of the N.I.V. scholars. There is absolutely no information given in the footnote that would help anyone who was concerned and confused as to why the NIV, notorious for it’s deletion of scriptures should pick on this grand self revelation of our Lord, as He reveals the glorious, primary intent of His Presence in the midst of a dark and sinful world.
Reason compels us to explore the true meaning of his words.
Websters #1 definition of “translate” is “to bear, carry or remove from one place to another”. This is precisely what is happening. Sometimes the NASB, without sufficient manuscript authority, brackets precious Scriptures. The NIV translates, (removes from one place to another) a multitude of Scriptures into a footnote. Thus the Word of God is cut with the pen knife of modern critical scholarship, and the souls of the readers are left barren of choice truths.
NASB doubts the Scriptures by brackets and marginal notes in Matthew 18:11, and Matthew 23:14.
NIV demolishes these Scriptures by downgrading and tossing them into a degenerate footnote. Future editions undoubtedly will delete the footnotes and a future generation will know nothing of the gems that are thus vilely cast away.
Is this the NO conspiracy of which James White wails so pathetically thoughout his book?
Both of the ‘friends’ of James White were “quite puzzled and wondered why the N.I.V. would ‘delete’ this verse.” Matthew 18:11.
The author of, “The King James Only Controversy” proceeds to make a series of statements with which I am in hearty agreement. I will list them as follows;
(a) “These friends are not alone”. He is so right, I am personally acquainted with an ever increasing number of Christians who are deeply concerned and puzzled by the fact that not only do the NASB and the NIV differ materially one from another, but every one of the numerous new versions do the same thing. The result is indescribable confusion in the minds of multitudes beyond numbering. Multitudes run like frightened sheep, so confused because they have left the true Word of God, and entered into the strange world of many versions, such, readily follow almost anything that is garbed in the garments of a spiritual “shepherd”, not realizing that the false teachers within the church are modern ‘Pied Pipers’, leading their deluded followers right back into a darkness much deeper than the period historically known as “The Dark Ages”.
Personally, I am in complete agreement with author White’s statement that “these friends are not alone” in their ‘puzzlement’ and ‘wonder’ why N.I.V. would delete this verse.
Imagine if you saw the bewilderment in many hundreds of thousands of slaves of the new versions, as they discover the vast number of omissions of words, phrases, and whole verses deleted from today’s competing versions. Furthermore, your author is in total agreement with Mr. White in his second affirmation on Page 4 of his introduction.
“Believers who were raised in good, solid Christian churches have to admit to a large measure of ignorance when it comes to the text of the Scriptures.” Tragically this is true.
In my opinion, no one has more need to confess their ignorance of the text of Holy Scripture than James White and those who endorse the flood of modern perversions of the Word of God.
The manuscript basis for the great variety of Greek texts used by modern translators of the New Testament is so corrupt that a wide spread understanding of the issue would send many thousand back to the despised King James, Authorized version.
When I consider the great zeal of Mr. White, and his obvious tender regard for his wife and children, and his equally obvious understanding of the Greek language. I refuse to regard this man as a deceiver who would knowingly cause anyone, much less his beloved wife and children, to trust the salvation of their souls to a version based upon the sandy foundation of today’s (un)holy bibles.
I am convinced that Mr. White is ignorant of the positively depraved condition of the handful of manuscripts which form the basis for the modern Greek texts.
It would appear that somewhere along his studies he may have accepted the supreme error of the New Version Movement. That is the utterly false claim that their manuscripts, used to destroy faith in the one pure English Bible commonly used for centuries; principally. Vaticanus and Sinaiticus, are the “Oldest and Best Manuscripts”, when in reality they are hopelessly contradictory to each other. “Oldest and Worst” would be a more fitting description of these tools of unbelief, and apostacy.
Perhaps some of my readers may be saying in their hearts something like this; “Could not our modern scholars, by comparing these manuscripts bring forth a sound reliable Bible?”
“Who can bring a clean thing out of an unclean? NOT ONE.” Job 14:4
No, the scholars have not, and cannot bring forth a pure Bible from corrupted manuscripts.
“It is this kind of confusion that provides that perfect breeding ground for controversy.” Page 4, Introduction.
Here again I am in perfect agreement with Mr. White’s declaration. So far, so good. We must now commence to examine Biblicly this strong asservation of our challenger. First, we take note of the fact that in the author’s mind something, or someone has created a state of confusion among the churches. The Word of God disclaims responsibility for this state of affairs.
“For God is not the author of confusion, but of peace, as in all churches of the saints.” I Cor. 14:33
A very laudable desire for peace is expressed on Page 5 of the book that is here being critiqued. “This book is written because of a desire for peace in the church of Jesus Christ.” (Who would object to such a noble desire?) “Who then and what is the cause of the exceedingly wide spread confusion in the churches, assemblies, seminaries, bible schools, and missions?” Obviously Mr. White is greatly concerned about the widespread confusion which exists today.
Who then, and what, is the cause for this satanic confusion with its resulting division in the church?
In immediate context we read first of all, the puzzlement and wondering of this two friends who appealed to him for help in understanding the strange condition of conflicting versions within their own fellowship.
In order to retain a clear conscience before God and his precious family, and his readers, James White must confess that he has revealed the cause of all the confusion, controversy, and resulting division in the churches on page 4 of his introduction.
(a) “Why are there different translations?”
(b) “Why are there controversies about words?”
(c) “Why does my pastor’s Bible have a verse that mine does not?”
White’s comment; “IT IS THIS KIND OF CONFUSION THAT PROVIDES THE PERFECT GROUND FOR CONTROVERSY.” (Capitals mine. C.J.C.) Well spoken beloved enemy. The case is closed. You have closed it.
The case before us in your own words has nothing whatsoever to do with the King James Only question. The miserable state of confusion, distress, and division is caused by the ruthless treatment of Holy Scripture as found in the new versions. Concern, controversy, and confusion, arise out of the fact that not only do the new versions seriously and viciously undermine and contradict the true Word of God, but they furiously disagree with each other.
What rational mind would trust them?
Why then do so many professing believers buy the new versions?
My answer. THE NEW VERSIONS OWE MUCH OF THEIR ACCEPTANCE TO THE CHRISTIAN’S IGNORANCE OF THE MUTILATED, CONTRADICTORY AND CORRUPT NATURE OF THE “OLDEST AND BEST” MANUSCRIPTS. NAMELY, VATICANUS, AND SINAITICUS, WITH A PITIFULY NUMBER OF DEPRAVED MANUSCRIPTS - ALL OF THEM DIFFERING VIOLENTLY WITH EACH OTHER.
No one who knows the tragic facts of the differing manuscripts should be surprised or astonished to find the same strong differences between the monstrous perversions based upon them. Nor should we be surprised at the result of the acceptance of such versions, resulting in division in the churches. It could not by any means be anything else but divisive.
“Responsibility must be laid at the door of the KJV Only camp for the destruction of many Christian churches. Church splits have taken place, as the direct result of the influence of KJV Only materials on elders, deacons, and other influential members.”
The responsibility for the miserable condition of many congregations today must be laid at the door of those elders, deacons, Bible teachers and pastors who have been deceived by the vast number of errors, omissions, and distortions of the truth found in every version that owes its baneful existence to Greek texts, which spring forth spontaneously like so many poison mushrooms from the vile Vaticanus, the sickly Sinaiticus, with other depraved manuscripts, which in spite of their mutual hostility one to another, are lumped together by deceived scholars under the misnomer of the “Oldest and Best Manuscripts.” Corrupted beyond description, this is one of the greatest lies of the 20th century. These inventions of the adversary are night and day doing their deadly work in the hearts, the homes, and the churches of the nations.
Will the scholars and pastors ever awaken?
Immediately any sincere believer begins to study the cause for divisions in the churches, by examining the credentials of the deadly, “Oldest and Best Manuscripts”, the vast deceptive empire which depends upon them as the reason for its existence and integrity, crumbles before the astonished eyes of those who have been deceived by its multitude of false claims. Those, who by the Grace of God have escaped this diabolical snare of the evil one, ought not to be unnecessarily angry with those pastors and writers who are leading so many astray today.
True it is, there are times when the Word of God demands a sharp rebuke, (Titus1:13) and a clear warning against the erring ones, giving their names, and the nature of their false doctrines. Even this must be done in love and with one glorious object in view, namely that they should be sound in the faith.
“This witness is true. Wherefore rebuke them sharply, that they may be sound in the faith.” Titus 1:13
“Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.
But shun profane and vain babblings: for they will increase unto more ungodliness. And their word doth eat as doth a canker: of whom is Hymenaeus and Philetus; Who concerning the truth have erred, saying that the resurrection is past already; and overthrow the faith of some.” 2 Timothy 2:15-18.
A careful perusal of the “Life and Letters” of Drs. Westcott and Hort reveals that the men chiefly responsible for the flood of depraved versions flooding the market today, were men totally unsound regarding the Atonement, and the Resurrection of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, and many other truths of Holy Scripture. They boasted between themselves of their heresies, and planned to deceive “orthodox but rational” men into their way of thinking by bringing forces to bear on the orthodox believers who would not be aware of the nature of the powers that were influencing their thinking. This is spiritism, controlling the minds of multitudes of new version readers. These men and their co-conspirators held and promoted doctrines of devils.
(a) These men were confessedly unable to understand the meaning of the Scriptures. (see - “The Thinking, Theories, and Theology of Drs. Westcott and Hort” - by C.J. Carter).
Note: “The entrance of thy words giveth light; it giveth understanding unto the simple.” Psalm 119:130
The doctrines held in the thinking of these men, that James White must defend in order to give a tiny bit of credibility to his torrent of erroneous statements, effectually desensitised their minds to the understanding of the glorious Gospel of Christ.
The words of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, to the religious scholars, (Sadducees) who sought to trap Him, apply powerfully to Westcott and Hort, their co-conspirators of their day, and all those who are now being deluded by the modern versions, “Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of God.” Matthew 22:29.
They and their followers could write interesting things about the Scriptures, some of them undoubtedly true; but from their personal correspondence, the ghastly truth arises; these men did not believe many of the things that they wrote. Their unbelief becomes evident to any Christian who prayerfully examines their personal correspondence.
(b) The powerful effect of their devient thinking rendered them and their followers utterly unable to really enjoy their unbelief. They certainly did not understand the Scriptures.
I must continually remind my readers that it is not hard to find some of their writings that reveal some interesting facts.
However, Hort’s son and biographer has plainly given US the startling insight into his father’s character. “His published work could give but a partial view of the man”....”in all that he wrote his real self is shown, AND NO WHERE MORE THAN IN HIS LETTERS.” (The emphasis is mine. C.J.C.)
The principal evidence against Westcott and Hort, in this essay is found in their self incriminating letters, which Hort Junior declares his father never meant for publication.
“For this very reason it would not be right to give to the world without a caution views which he never meant for publication.” Life and Letters. P.7-8. Preface.
Those letters that Hort never meant for publication clearly reveal a diabolical scheme to pervert the truth of Holy Scripture. There is no doubt about the conspiracy. There is nothing new about this blasphemous uwndermining of the true meaning of the words of Scripture.
The Word and warnings of God as sent centuries ago through His prophet Jeremiah apply with tremendous force to the scholars who write, the publishers who print and sell, and the teachers that use the new (per)versions of the Word of God.
“Ye have perverted the words of the living God, of the LORD of hosts our God.....
Therefore, behold, I, even I, will utterly forget you, and I will forsake you, and the city that I gave you and your fathers, and cast you out of my presence:
"And I will bring an everlasting reproach upon you, and a perpetual shame, which shall not be forgotten.” Jeremiah 23:36b,39-40.
A little research on that word, “perverted” is very revealing. Strong’s Concordance gives us the following,
perverted #2015 = to turn about or over; by implication, to change, overturn, ... pervert.
Without exception, every new version changes the words of Holy Scripture. Not only do they deviate widely from the “Authorized King James Version”, but they differ radically from one another. Is this scholarship, or insanity?
Let not anyone delude his/her self that our God is less angry with the perverters of the New Testament than He is with those who changed His Word originally.
The Effect of Doctrinal Heresy on the Minds of Westcott and Hort. (continued)
The Scripture speaks plainly,
“The statutes of the LORD are right, rejoicing the heart: the commandment of the LORD is pure, enlightening the eyes.” Psalm 19:8.
“Thy words were found, and I did eat them; and thy word was unto me the joy and rejoicing of mine heart:” Jeremiah 15:16
“Thy testimonies have I taken as an heritage for ever: for they are the rejoicing of my heart.” Psalm 119:111
“I have rejoiced in the way of thy testimonies, as much as in all riches.” Psalm 119:14
“I will delight myself in thy statutes: I will not forget thy word.” Psalm 119:16
“Thy testimonies also are my delight and my counsellers.” Psalm 119:24
“I will delight myself in thy commandments, which I have loved.” Psalm 119:47
“My hands also will I lift up unto thy commandments, which I have loved; and I will meditate in thy statutes.” Psalm 119:48
“Their heart is fat as grease; but I delight in thy law.” Psalm 119:70
“Thy law is my delight.” Psalm 119:77b
“Unless thy law had been my delights, I should then have perished in mine affliction.” Psalm 119:92
“O how love I thy law! it is my meditation all the day.” Psalm 119:97
“Trouble and anguish have taken hold on me: yet thy commandments are my delights.” Psalm 119:143
“I have longed for thy salvation, O LORD; and thy law is my delight.” Psalm 119:174
“I have esteemed the words of his mouth more than my necessary food.” Job 23:12
Note! The Word of God is infused with heavenly manna to nourish the spiritual life which it produces.
“Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever.” I Peter 1:23
The foregoing quotations teach us that the pure word of God, studied prayerfully with intent to obey the will of God, will bring joy and great delight in the heart of the obedient learner.
We shall now, as the Lord enables, examine the tragic result of Westcott and Hort’s obsession with the vileness of the manuscripts which have deceived multitudes of modern scholars.
Feb. 8th, 1846. Page 41. “Work at Saint Luke. If I am enabled - what a glorious employment for one’s liesure hours it would be to prepare a new edition of the New Testament. If it please God, may I be allowed to do this, and enabled to do it in a proper spirit.” Life and Letters. Vol. 1, p.42
It is apparent that about this time a deadly delusion had been planted in the heart and mind of the young undergraduate, whose age was about twenty-one. The “yea, hath God said?” of the serpent had sown the seed of, not a revision of the New Testament, but rather a new edition of the New Testament.
Feb. 19th, 1846. The deadly poison does it’s work first in his thinking. He queries himself and his motives. “WHY SHOULD I BE SO ANXIOUS TO REJECT THAT WHICH IS BEEN THE STAY AND COMFORT OF SO MANY? AND YET I FEAR THAT THIS IS NOT BEING HONEST.” (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
Note. Westcott was well aware of the fact that his dream of a New Edition of the New Testament was of such a nature that the “stay and comfort” of his New Testament would undermine the very foundation of the Word of God.
Thirty-five years later, after years of secret colaboration with fellow conspirator F.J.A. Hort, the world was introduced to an elaborate deception worthy of the old serpent, the devil himself.
Under the guise of revision of the King James Version a team of demolition experts, under the leadership of Westcott and Hort, using a Greek text based on miserably depraved manuscripts, presented the English speaking world with that which was called, “The Revised Version”, and a new Greek text based on those polluted manuscripts.
It would seem that Westcott’s hesitancy over rejecting the Authorized Version, may have been the last effort of the Holy Spirit to save Westcott from leaping over the awsome precipice of mutilating the Word of God with the pen knife of “scholarly?” revision. Tragically the warning was not heeded. The inevitable judgment followed swiftly.
Westcott’s Diary - Feb. 28th, 1846. “After a long walk with V. in our great court, with the brightly shining stars above us, BUT GLOOMY AND MYSTERIOUS THOUGHTS IN MY OWN MIND. But by conversation they are partially removed...” (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
The darkness deepens Diary - May 8th, 1846. “He (Maurice) makes a remark which I have often written and said, that the danger of our church is from atheism, not Romanism. What a striking picture is that he quotes from Newman of the present aspect of the Roman Church - despised, rejected, persecuted in public opinion.”
Note. Obviously, Westcott’s mind, now under the control of the powers of darkness was being rapidly prepared to accept the depraved, and hopelessly mutilated manuscript, Vaticanus, as one of the oldest and best, which would figure prominently in the ******************************************************/>
What are we to think of the man chosen by Westcott and Hort to join their team of sabateurs, who described themselves as “a revision body”?
Lest he falsely termed a vilifier as James White charges some who expose Westcott and Hort as those who taught doctrines of devils, let us allow Vance Smith speak for himself.
Surely, simply recording his own teaching for the warning of my readers, could only be termed “vilification” by a horribly confused mentality.
In his great distress Job cried;
“Oh.....that mine adversary had written a book” Job31:35.
Providentially, the enemies of the Bible love to write books in which they expose their erroneous thinking, their cloak of maliciousness, their love of money, making merchandise of their readers, and their deep rooted hatred of those who refuse to follow their pernicious ways.
Vance Smith writes
(a) In denial of the Deity of our Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ.
Re the Apostle Paul;
“Where is there any indication to be found in all recorded addresses of this Apostle, that he ever taught that Jesus was God?” The Bible and its Theology. P. 180.
“There is nothing to shew (sic) that Paul ever spoke to those whom he addressed of a divine Christ, in the new orthodox sense of these words.” Footnote. P.180.
Let the Apostle Paul speak on this subject.
“Christ Jesus the Lord ... For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily.” Colossians 2:6a,9.
“And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh,” I Timothy 3:16a
John the beloved disciple and Apostle joins the chorus of those who affirm the Deity of our glorious Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ;
“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, AND THE WORD WAS GOD.” John 1:1
“And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.” John 1:14
If language means anything, the Apostle John attributes Deity to our glorious Lord.
“I give unto them (His sheep) eternal life, and they shall never perish ... I and my Father are one.” John 10:28a, 30.
The learned religious leaders understood the meaning of His words, and took up stones to stone Him. They explained their murderous intent as follows; “For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy; AND THAT BECAUSE THAT THOU BEING A MAN, MAKEST THYSELF GOD.” John 10:33
“This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.” Matthew 3:17. The very next voice we find in Scripture is that of the devil, casting doubt on the Father/Son relationship of Jesus Christ our Lord and Saviour. “If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread.” Matthew 4:3
Today the religious world is crammed with teachers and preachers who follow the devil in the matter of deceiving multitudes to disclaim the Deity of Christ.
John records the fact that Thomas, one of the disciples simply said of our gracious Lord; “My Lord and my God.” Jesus approved this statement as follows; “Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou has believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed.” John 20:28-29.
Note the Supreme Importance of the doctrine of the Deity of Christ:
“These are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.” John 20:31
Although one could easily write a whole book, giving evidence that Westcott, Hort, Lightfoot and Vance Smith believed and taught “doctrines of devils” I shall for the time being select one more witness to the Divinity/Deity of our precious Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.
The writer of the book of Hebrews takes his readers right into the Holiest of all. Without equivocation he declares that the Son of God, is “the brightness of his(God the Father’s) glory, and THE EXPRESS IMAGE OF HIS PERSON, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high.” Hebrews 1:3
God the Father Speaks Again
“But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.” Heb.1:8 quoted from Psalm 45:6,7
Let all the voices of controversy fall silent.
“For what if some did not believe? shall their unbelief make the faith of God without effect? God forbid: yea, LET GOD BE TRUE, BUT EVERY MAN A LIAR;” Romans 3:3,4a
Hardly able to believe the depths of deception that has overtaken him and all of his followers we read;
“Let it then for the moment be remembered that the Pauline statements respecting justification by faith, applied primarily and solely to the world as it was in those days.” On the same page, Vance had prefaced the above statement by another declaration;
“It will be enough here to observe, that what the Apostle so earnestly writes respecting justification by faith alone was largely occasioned by the feelings of his countrymen in reference to the heathen world of his time, and finds its true interpretation only in connection with those feelings.” Page 180.
“The justification or righteousness attainable by the disciple, apart from the law, and after the law had ceased to be of importance, WAS AND IS STILL TO BE DEPENDENT, IN THE MOST ESSENTIAL DEGREE, UPON THE DISCIPLE HIMSELF. It is no matter of mere imputation. IT IS NOT ANOTHER PERSON’S RIGHTEOUSNESS THAT IS ACCOUNTED AS OURS, OR RECKONED IN SOME WAY TO OUR CREDIT - WHICH IS INCONCEIVABLE: but it is the Apostle’s words, “patient continuance in well doing,” it is a Christ-like life of obedience to all that the Law of God, as expressed in our own highest sense of duty requires from us, this faithful practical obedience it is which will be acceptable to the great Judge of all, and win for the disciple the “glory, honour and peace” of the Eternal life.” Page ? (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
Vance relies on man’s mind to settle the pathway of obedience to the law of God. This reminds us of the turnmoil in Israel when; “In those days there was no king in Israel: every man did that which was right in his own eyes.” Judges 21:25. Man’s standards today are inconceivably lower than God’s.
“For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways, and my thoughts than your thoughts.” Isaiah 55:9
His law which Vance declared “had ceased to be of importance” convicts us of sin, in spite of man’s feeble effort to be self righteous.
It therefore becomes, “our schoolmaster to lead us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith. But after faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster. For ye are all the children of God by faith in Jesus Christ. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.” Galatians 3:24-27
Vance’s heresy condemns every one that believes it.
Hear the Word of the LORD!
“Brethren, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might be saved.
For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge.
For they being ignorant of God’s righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God.
For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth.” Romans 10:1-4
Note! Today as in Paul’s time there are many who have a great appetite for their own ideas of religion who are and will be condemned by “their own religion”. God sets His standard.
The Word of the Eternal God brand’s Vance Smith’s plan for obtaining the righteousness which brings the eternal life, as filthy rags;
“But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.” Isaiah 64:6
The Word of God shatters the illusions of deluded religionists as follows;
“For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, lest any man should boast.” Ephesians 2:8-9.
The good works that Vance Smith thought would win the gift of the eternal life, follow saving faith without works of righteousness.
After we have received Jesus Christ as personal Lord and Saviour and having His righteousness imputed unto us, we find the glorious truth in it’s proper place.
“For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.” Ephesians 2:10
“It is no matter of mere imputation.” Vance Smith, page 181. (Justification or righteousness).
Here George Vance Smith strikes like a deadly poisonous serpent at the very heart of God’s “glorious gospel of Christ.” In order that we might grasp clearly the enormity of this man who stood with Westcott and Hort in the diabolical attack on the Word of God in the revolting, “revision,” falsely so called of 1881; we must understand the meaning of the word “imputation.”
Vance Smith continues flaunting his unbelief;
“It is not another person’s righteousness that is accounted as ours, or reckoned in some way to our credit - which is inconceivable.” Page. 181.
What Saith the Scripture?
Isaiah 53:6 “All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; AND THE LORD HATH LAID ON HIM THE INIQUITY OF US ALL.”
I Peter 2:24 (Christ) “Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed.”
Galatians 3:13 “Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree.”
I Peter 1:18a,19 “...ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things .... but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot.”
2 Cor. 5:19 “...God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, NOT IMPUTING THEIR TRESPASSES UNTO THEM; and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation.”
2 Cor. 5:21 “For he hath made him (Christ) to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.”
Galatians 4:4b,5 “God sent forth his Son, ...to redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.”
2 Cor. 8:9 “For ye know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that, though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, that ye through his poverty might be rich.”
John 10:15 “As the Father knoweth me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep.”
“In the second place, Jesus of Nazareth is nowhere presented to us as God, but simply as the Christ...”
Note! He ignores John 1:1; Heb. 1:3, and Heb. 1:8 and etc.
“In this Messianic character, he was received.... By his death, however and in the course of the years, that grosser element was removed; YET FOR A LONG PERIOD SOMETHING OF IT REMAINED, IN THE LINGERING EXPECTATION OF HIS SECOND ADVENT. BUT THIS, TOO, IN TIME, AND BY THE COURSE OF EVENTS, WAS PROVED TO BE ONLY A MISAPPREHENSION. WITH FEW EXCEPTIONS, CHRISTIAN MEN HAVE NOW OUTGROWN IT AND PUT IT AWAY. For eighteen centuries and more it has been left unfulfilled, and hence we may reasonably infer the will of the ever-ruling Providence that Jesus was to be Christ in no earthly or worldly sense.” P. 299 (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
“Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts, And saying, Where is the promise of his coming? for since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation.” 2 Peter 3:3-4
Thus Vance Smith fulfills this prophecy and he himself, unwittingly becomes one of a multitude of signs that the second Advent or coming of our Lord draweth nigh.
Again! “Let God be true and every man a liar.”
John 14:2-3. Our glorious Lord has spoken on the subject;
“In my Father’s house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I WILL COME AGAIN, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also.”
Matthew 26:63-64 “The high priest answered and said unto him, I adjure thee by the living god, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ, the Son of God.
Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.”
Note. On account of our Lord’s claim to be the Christ, the Son of God, who will come again, the high priest and religious leaders condemned our Lord to die.
Acts 1:9b,10-11. Upon the post resurrection return of the Lord Jesus into the heavens we read;
“...while they beheld, he was taken up; and a cloud received him out of their sight.
And while they looked stedfastly toward heaven as he went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel;
Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven.”
Revelation 22:7 “Behold, I come quickly: blessed is he that keepeth the sayings of the prophecy of this book.”
Revelation 22:12 “Behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be.”
Revelation 22:20-21 “He which testifieth these things saith, Surely I come quickly. Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus.
The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.”
Our precious Lord concludes the Word of God with a threefold assurance that He will come again. We know from Holy Scripture that; “A THREE FOLD CORD IS NOT QUICKLY BROKEN.” Ecclesiastes 4:12b.
“The preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power of God.” I Cor. 1:18
“How truly FOOLISH in the presence of such teaching as this is all our modern speculating about the efficacy of sacrifices, the virtues of faith in a supposed substitute, “satisfaction” of the “wrath” of an offended God! How truly foolish it all is, compared with the divine lesson of those simple and pathetic words, “God be merciful to me a sinner.” Page 267. (Capitals mine. C.J.C.)
“There is absolutely nothing in the Christian teaching to justify the supposition that the Heavenly Father needed propitiating by a sacrificial victim, and that victim the son in whom He was well pleased.” Page 251.
“For this they are willingly ignorant of ...” 2 Peter 3:5a
“...for their is no difference; for all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;
Being justified freely by His grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus;
Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God.” Romans 3:22b-25.
I John 2:1b-2 “...we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous:
And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.”
I John 4:10 “Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins.”
“There is nothing to tell us that the sacrifice of Christ was offered “to reconcile His Father to us,” or that it constituted, in effect a punishment, borne by him, whether for “original guilt,” or for “actual sins of men.
Ideas of this kind, in reference to heathen gods, may easily be found in the I liad, or in a Greek play, but orthodox as it may be with many, it will not really be found in the New Testament, either as expressly described and enjoined truth, or as one of inference, reasonably deducible from a fair consideration of the various circumstances of the case.” Page 251.
Note Vance Smith was obviously more familiar with Greek mythology and philosophy than he was with the Holy Scriptures. Had he but read carefully he would have found a warning which doubtless he would have ignored.
Colossians 2:8-9 “Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ.
For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily.”
Colossians 1:19-22 “For it pleased the Father that in him should all fulness dwell;
And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven.
And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled
In the body of his flesh through death, to present you holy and unblameable and unreproveable in his sight.”
Obviously the precious blood of Christ, shed on Calvary’s cross, when He, “...by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.”(Hebrews 9:12) reconciles God unto the world to which He now offers forgiveness of sins, and eternal life to all who will be reconciled unto Himself.
In spite of Smith’s glaring errors, the Bible says that Christ is “a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people.” Hebrews 2:17
The Apostle Paul declares by the Holy Spirit;
“To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them; and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation.
Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech you by us: we pray you in Christ’s stead, be ye reconciled to God.
For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might
be made the righteousness of God in him.”
2 Corinthians 5:19-21
“The true authority of the Bible consists, in a word, just in this and in nothing else, that our secret hearts, in our best and most serious moments, acknowledge and testify to its truth and power in so considerable a portion of its teaching.” Page 284.
“It is remarkable however, how closely accompanied, and moreover, how much embarrassed, is the great Christian hope by an idea of marked prominence in the New Testament; ...the idea, that is to say, of the speedy second coming of Christ.
This expectation has been manifestly proved by the lapse of time to have been erroneous.
Whatever, therefore, its origin, whether in the misapprehension by the disciples of some declaration of their Master, or really in some express words of his, Christianity, this idea of the second coming ought now to be passed by as a merely temporary incident of early Christian belief.
Like many another error, it has answered its transitory purpose in the providential plan, and may well, at length, be left to rest in peace.
It is in truth thus put aside by considerate readers of the Bible. For they can no longer say with James; “The coming of the Lord draweth nigh,” or with Paul (I Thess 1V7;V8 (sic) that when the Lord appears, we shall be “caught up together with him in the air,” ... they can no longer say this in the sense in which those Apostles said it and believed it.” Page ?
This deluded “scholary” choice of Westcott, Hort, Lightfoot, and others; to assist them in seeking to destroy the Word of God was apparently entirely ignorant of the fact that in Heaven’s time table; “One day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.” 2 Peter 3:8b
According to this truth, it is not quite two days since Peter and Paul wrote concerning the second coming of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.
Note. “Let God be true and every man a liar.”
Vance Smith is now very, very sure that our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ and His Apostles did not err when they filled the New Testament with references to His Second Advent. He now knows that he and his fellow consipirators who mocked and rejected the Atonement of our Lord and Saviour, were deceived by demonic activity in their souls.
“But as truly as I live, all the earth shall be filled with the glory of the LORD.” Num 14:21.
“For the earth shall be filled with the knowledge of the glory of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea.” Habakkuk 2:14.
Truly God has spoken, let deluded scholarship be quiet.
The following heresy as it stands alone should be sufficient to cause every true lover of the Word of God to forever reject the competence of Westcott, Hort, Lightfoot, Smith and the other conspiratore, to settle a text for the Word of God. After admitting that “every existing congregation of Christian disciples is a visible testimony, (to the fact that the true religious life of the Christianized nations commenced in or with the Hebrew nation)(CJC) Vance Smith proceeds to make a statement that staggers the mind as it reveals the almost unbelievable depths of his ignorance, or deception.
“... for do they not meet together to worship the same God whom Abraham and the patriarchs worshipped, the God whom Moses, Samuel and Isaiah and all the prophets worshipped, even “the God and Father of Jesus Christ?” Page ?
Although we find a similar expression in Romans 15:6; 2 Corinthians 1:3, 11:31; Ephesians 1:3, 6:23; Colossians 1:3; they all read “the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.”
George Vance Smith studiously avoids calling Jesus Christ, “Lord”. Interestingly there is not a single instance in Holy Scripture where Judas Iscariot, the betrayer of our Lord and Saviour, ever called Jesus “Lord”. Judas used the word “Master” in addressing Jesus Christ our Lord. In John 13:14 our Redeemer speaking to His disciples says;
“If I then, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet; ye also ought to wash one another’s feet.”
In John 13:13 “Ye call me Master and Lord: and ye say well; for so I am.”
Obstinately N.I.V. and N.A.S.V. refuse the authoritave and majestic name of “Master” in John 13:13 and 14; replacing it with the greatly inferior “Teacher”.
Continuing Smith’s wierd allegations
“In admitting this, however, we have to recall another fact, which is of equal importance as shewing us the true character of the Bible.
It is, that the Bible manifestly offers itself to us, the people of these latter times, largely as a Book of History. IT NEVER PROFESSES OR CLAIMS TO BE MORE, (Capitals mine. CJC); never, in truth, makes any profession or claim at all on this point; but stands before us there, simply as a collection of writings preserving for us the remaining literature, the traditions, and the founding of the Hebrews.” Page 269.
Here is colossal ignorance that defies description. From the beginning of Genesis, where we read, “And God said, let their be light and there was light.”(Gen1:3) right through the historical books, the prophets, the Psalms, and in the New Testament from the Gospel of Matthew to the end of Revelation, which finishes with a threefold affirmation by our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, that He would come again, the Bible claims to be infinitely more than a “History of the Hebrews”.
Peter, who preached the 3,000 soul winning sermon on the day of Pentecost, gives the lie to Vance Smith and his co-conspirators in producing the misleading book deceptively named “The Revised Version,” of 1881.
He speaks as directed by God’s Holy Spirit;
“For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of men: but Holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.” 2 Peter 1:21.
Smith turns savagely on the New Testament as a thing of the past
“Then, when we come to the New Testament, we have what is essentially of the nature of history again, at least in its relation to our modern times. It is very largely a thing of the past, at which we can only look as distant spectators, seeking, so far as may be, to draw instruction from its lessons.” Page 271.
“We might, therefore, be led into grievous error by doing as some of the old Puritans did ... by looking upon the Bible as a sort of Law-book, binding upon us, without regard to altered feelings and circumstances, or improved knowledge.” Page 273.
“If, then, a precept, a principle, or a statement of the Bible, be not as such as will stand the test of this rational criticism, it will be our duty simply to neglect it, and pass it by, or even, it may be, to condemn it and act in opposition to it.” Page ?
This is a clear case of Jude 4.
“For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.”